Most interesting landmarks of Pitcairn Islands

Pitcairn islands (British overseas territory under the jurisdiction of United Kingdom) are the most remote inhabited islands in the world. These small islands offer several interesting landmarks:

  • Cave of Skeletons – north-eastern coast of Henderson Island. Cave where in 1958 were found six skeletons of Polynesians – including remains of women and child.
  • Christian’s Cave – northern coast of Pitcairn Island. Large grotto. Leader of mutiny on Bounty – Fletcher Christian – spent many hours sitting in this cave and looking into the sea.
  • Ecosystem of Henderson Island – the only forested atoll with intact ecosystem in the world. Endemic species – 9 species of plants and all 4 species of landbirds. Numerous invertebrates are endemic, although they are poorly researched. Island is not walkable – it is covered with thicket and rugged limestone peaks.
  • Natural arches in Henderson Island – sea waves and karst processes have formed numerous natural arches, one rises 24 m above the sea.
  • Blowhole in Henderson Island – powerful blowhole 100 m from the coast.
  • Petroglyphs at Down Rope – south-east of Pitcairn Island. Petroglyphs left on coastal cliffs by Polynesians who lived in Pitcairn until the 15th century.
  • Submarine springs of Henderson Island – northern and north-western coast of Henderson Island. The only source of freshwater on the island. These springs are available only at low tide at certain periods. One of these springs helped to survive the team of whaling ship Essex in 1821.

Described landmarks of Pitcairn Islands

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Video of Pitcairn Islands

Tony Probst, December 2018

Recommended books

Atlas of Remote Islands: Fifty Islands I Have Never Set Foot On and Never Will

There are still places on earth that are unknown. Visually stunning and uniquely designed, this wondrous book captures fifty islands that are far away in every sense-from the mainland, from people, from airports, and from holiday brochures. Author Judith Schalansky used historic events and scientific reports as a springboard for each island, providing information on its distance from the mainland, whether its inhabited, its features, and the stories that have shaped its lore.

To Pitcairn Island, (and back again).

Adventure was one thing, going to far-flung places for arts sake another, drawing on Fletcher Christian another. Art was the under-tow and main driver for the trip to Pitcairn Island, one of the remotest Islands on earth. This resulted in the creation of the ground-breaking image of Fletcher Christian – in 1994 a world first. Once there, I knew beyond doubt that I would create a drawing of the infamous 18th Century mutineer, Fletcher Christian. An accompanying sister book,‘ To Pitcairn Island, (and Back Again)’, is available and focuses on the trip to Fletcher Christian’s 18th century hideaway island, Pitcairn, whereas this book is about drawing on a human figure and specifically the romantic anti-hero, Fletcher Christian.

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