Wonders of São Tomé and Príncipe
Although São Tomé and Príncipe is a very small country, it has amazing scenery and some exciting landmarks.
Visually most impressive is the fantastic Pico Cão Grande, but even more amazing is the unique montane rainforest in both main islands. Here live hundreds of species that are not met anymore else in the world.
This small African country has also some outstanding architectural landmarks, to some extent it even resembles a reserve of historical Portuguese colonial architecture.
Map with the described wonders
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Top 13 wonders of São Tomé and Príncipe
Pico Cão Grande
Dramatic needle-shaped volcanic plug that rises more than 300 m above its surroundings.
Pico Cão Pequeno
Smaller – but, nevertheless, an impressive volcanic plug not too far from the enormous Cão Grande.
São Nicolau Falls
Picturesque waterfall that slides down along the cliff in rainforest.
Boca de Inferno
An impressive sea spout. Waves here are directed into narrow channels, surrounding an interesting basalt formation.
Waterfall in rainforest.
Mist forest with unusual, endemic species of plants. Here grow endemic begonias – more than 3 m tall Begonia crateris and Begonia baccata, the endemic gymnosperm Afrocarpus mannii and the more usual Spiny Tree Ferns Alsophila manniana (and some 150 species of other tree ferns), endemic orchids and other rare and interesting plants. Here lives a unique snail Thyrophorella thomensis – the only snail that can close a “door” of his shell. Locals often consider that this dense rainforest is a mysterious and ghostly place.
Pico de Príncipe
The highest summit in Príncipe island, 948 m (?) above sea level. This montane rainforest is very rich with endemic species, including several species of birds, reptiles, amphibians, and subspecies of shrew Crocidura poensis. Further research might bring new discoveries.
Agostinho Neto plantation
The administrative center of once rich Portuguese plantation. The plantation was founded in 1865 and here in colonial style was built whole town. The main palace is an enormous structure with three floors. There are several historical plantations on the island, including Água Izé, Monte Café, and others.
São Jerónimo Fortress
Ruins of fortress that was built in 1566.
Sao Tomé Cathedral
Large and old cathedral. It is possible that its construction started in the late 15th century. Current structure was built (or renovated) in 1576 – 1578, restored in 1814. Its facade was altered in 1956.
Historical capital of São Tomé and Príncipe in the time period from 1753 to 1852. City is rich with colonial architecture that is overgrowing with jungle.
San Sebastian Fort (São Sebastião Fort)
The earliest European building in Sao Tomé, construction was started in 1575, later the fort was enlarged. Lighthouse located here since 1866. Currently one of the best-preserved historical forts in this part of the world. Contains museum.
Santo António da Ponta da Mina Fortress
Ruins of fort, most likely built in 1695 and reinforced in later times.
This book is a personal “point-in-time” description of the unique West African country of São Tomé e Príncipe as it presented itself to the author in 2015. It is not intended as a traditional travel guide although it does contain an introduction with practical information. Rather, it takes the reader on tours around the country’s two main islands introducing both the magnificent scenery and the wonderful people.
Marooned off the coast of Gabon, the volcanic islands of São Tomé & Príncipe are a largely undiscovered, uniquely rewarding, and safe destination with an exciting blend of African, Portuguese, and Caribbean cultures. Explore secluded beaches and colonial plantation houses; spot endemic rainforest birds and learn about medicinal plants; scale the Pico and dive in toasty waters; taste the world’s best chocolate; watch turtles hatching and get into the laid-back, ‘léve-léve’ Santomean groove. This remains the only dedicated guide to this island paradise.