Landmarks of Timor-Leste

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Prehistoric paintings at Ile Kére Kére, Timor-Leste
Prehistoric paintings at Ile Kére Kére / Hans-Peter Grumpe, Wikimedia Commons / GNU FDL

Most interesting landmarks of Timor-Leste

Below are listed the most amazing natural and man made landmarks of Timor-Leste.

Natural landmarks of Timor-Leste

  • Mainina Ponor – Lautém. In this ponor disappears water from the largest freshwater lake of Timor-Leste – whole Irasiquero River flows in it. Water continues to flow underground and discharges in the sea. Sacred place. Endemic fish Craterocephalus laisapi has been discovered in this short stream.
  • Mare Naun Nura Springs – Aileu. Group of hot springs with water temperature 55 – 62 °C. Water is bubbling, has slight odor.
  • Marobo hot water spring – Bobonaro. Hot water spring in beautiful mountain setting. In the past there have been built pools for collection of the water. Temperature of water – 46 – 47 °C.
  • Mota Bandeira Falls – Ermera. Impressive waterfall – a stream falls down a vertical cliff.
  • Noi Noi Kuru Cave – Lautém. Approximately 320 m long limestone cave with beautiful cave formations. Cave contains gours and also a shard of pottery and stone wall – a sign of human habitation. People have used the cave as shelter in 1975.
  • Oesilo mud volcanoes – Oecusse. Group of several active mud volcanoes.

Man-made landmarks of Timor-Leste

  • Christo Dei of Dili – Dili. 27 m tall statue of Jesus atop globe.
  • Jaco Island – Lautém. This island is covered with primeval forest and is considered to be sacred by local people – a place where the souls of deceased people go. Access to this island is forbidden.
  • Prehistoric paintings at Ile Kére Kére near Tutuala – Lautém. Exquisite, well preserved paintings up to 30,000 years old. Contains Lene Hara Cave – limestone cave, where people have lived in several periods since 30,000 – 35,000 BP. Walls of cave are adorned with prehistoric polychrome paintings, depicting geometric shapes, boats, animals, birds and stylized humans. Here have been found petroglyphs as well. In this area are known at least six other caves with cave art (including O Hi and Ile Kére Kére).

Described landmarks of Timor-Leste

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Mainina Ponor: -8.473719, 127.180652

The island country of Timor-Lest has magnificent scenery, interesting geological attractions, rich biodiversity and promising archaeological finds. This country is rather little known and in the future there are expected more discoveries.

Featured: Mainina Ponor

The Irasiquero River leaves the largest freshwater lake of Timor-Leste – Irasiquero Lake – and flows towards the nearby sea. This would be geographic triviality if… the river would not disappear underground in the impressive Mainina Ponor after making half of the distance to the sea…

Recommended books

East Timor: Island in Turmoil


Examines the history of the ethnic conflict in East Timor and its continuing effect on the people.

Timor-Leste Land of Discovery


Timor-Leste Land of Discovery is the first ever coffee table book created depicting East Timor s landscape, cultural and underwater wonders, with text by President Bill Clinton, UN Secretary General & Nobel Peace Prize laureate Kofi Annan, President Xanana Gusmão and Minister & Nobel Peace Prize laureate Jose Ramos-Horta.

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