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Wonders of Timor-Leste

Landscape in Railaco, Timor-Leste
Landscape in Railaco, Timor-Leste. / Bro. Jeffrey Pioquinto, SJ, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

The island country of Timor-Lest has magnificent scenery, several interesting geological attractions, rich biodiversity, and promising archaeological finds. There are expected more discoveries in the future.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 11 wonders of Timor-Leste

Geological wonders

Mota Bandeira Falls


An impressive waterfall – a stream falls down a vertical cliff.

Mota Bandeira Falls
Mota Bandeira Falls. / Norberto Benigno, Wikimedia Commons / public domain
Mare Naun Nura Springs


A group of hot springs with water temperatures of 55 – 62 °C. Water is bubbling, and has a slight odor.

Oesilo mud volcanoes


Group of several active mud volcanoes.

Oesilo mud volcanoes
Oesilo mud volcanoes. / Colin Trainor, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0
Rock formations of Osolata Beach


Amazing hoodoos and standing stones on the beach.

Balancing rock in Osolata Beach
Balancing rock in Osolata Beach. / Peter Shanks, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Noi Noi Kuru Cave


Approximately 320 m long limestone cave with beautiful cave formations. The cave contains gours and also a shard of pottery and a stone wall – a sign of human habitation. People have used the cave as shelter in 1975.

Marobo hot water spring


Hot water spring in a beautiful mountain setting. In the past, there have been built pools for collection of the water. The temperature of water – 46 – 47 °C.

Mainina Ponor


In this ponor disappears water from the largest freshwater lake of Timor-Leste – the whole Irasiquero River flows in it. Water continues to flow underground and discharges into the sea. Sacred place. Endemic fish Craterocephalus laisapi has been discovered in this short stream.

Archaeological wonders of Timor-Leste

Prehistoric paintings at Ile Kére Kére near Tutuala


Exquisite, well-preserved paintings that are up to 30,000 years old. Contains Lene Hara Cave – limestone cave, where people have lived for several periods since 30,000 – 35,000 BP. The walls of the cave are adorned with prehistoric polychrome paintings, depicting geometric shapes, boats, animals, birds, and stylized humans. Here have been found petroglyphs as well. In this area are known at least six other caves with cave art including O Hi and Ile Kére Kére.

Prehistoric paintings at Ile Kére Kére, Timor-Leste
Prehistoric paintings at Ile Kére Kére / Hans-Peter Grumpe, Wikimedia Commons / GNU FDL
Laili Cave


In this cave, people have been living for at least 44.6 thousand years ago. It shows that humans arrived in Australia through Java and the Lesser Sunda Islands.

Contemporary cultural wonders of Timor-Leste

Christo Rei of Dili


27 m tall statue of Jesus atop a globe.

Cristu Rei in Dili
Cristu Rei in Dili. / Bro. Jeffrey Pioquinto, SJ, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Jaco Island


This island is covered with primeval forest and is considered to be sacred by local people – a place where the souls of deceased people go. Access to this island is forbidden.

WorldYellow Recommended books

East Timor: Island in Turmoil

Examines the history of the ethnic conflict in East Timor and its continuing effect on the people.

Timor-Leste Land of Discovery

Timor-Leste Land of Discovery is the first-ever coffee table book created depicting East Timor s landscape, cultural and underwater wonders, with text by President Bill Clinton, UN Secretary-General & Nobel Peace Prize laureate Kofi Annan, President Xanana Gusmão, and Minister & Nobel Peace Prize laureate Jose Ramos-Horta.

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