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Wonders of Tunisia

Tamerza Falls
Tamerza Falls. / Dennis Jarvis, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

Although Tunisia is smaller than its neighboring countries, it has a great history, the country is very rich with archaeological landmarks. The most amazing wonders of Tunisia are:

  • Ruins of Punic, Roman and Byzantine cities. The first cities in present-day Tunisia started to develop almost 3000 years ago and one of them – Ancient Carthage was among the largest metropolises in the ancient world.
  • Medieval cities and towns. Tunisia has some of the best-preserved and interesting medieval cities in the Arab world, such as the old cities (medinas) of Tunis, Sfax, and Sousse.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 25 wonders of Tunisia

Geological wonders

Mine Cave


The longest known cave in Tunisia, 4,100 m long. Contains traces of human settlement and beautiful cave formations, including gours.

Mides Gorge and oasis


This mountain oasis is located in a very impressive gorge. The gorge is some 3 km long, walls are approximately 50 – 60 m tall.

Mides Gorge and fortifications, Tunisia
Mides Gorge and fortifications / McKay Savage, / CC BY 2.0

Archaeological wonders

Ancient Carthage


Once a very important, legendary city, established as a Phoenician colony in the 9th century BC. Carthage as the capital of Punic culture was the main rival of emerging Rome and finally was destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC. Then it was reestablished by Romans and destroyed by Muslims in 698 AD.

Antoninus Bath in Carthage
Antoninus Bath in Carthage / Michael Sean Galagher, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Dougga (Thugga)


Extensive ruins of a magnificent Punic, Roman, and Byzantine city, one of the best preserved Roman cities. Contains ruins of many buildings, notably, a mausoleum, capitol, theatre, temples of Saturn, and Juno Caelestis.

Dougga. / Dennis Jarvis, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
El Jem amphitheater


The third largest Roman amphitheater after Colosseum and Capua amphitheater. It is comparatively well preserved, constructed around 238 AD, and has a capacity of 35,000 seats. The amphitheater was used mainly for gladiator shows and chariot races.

El Jem amphitheatre, Tunisia
El Jem amphitheatre / Yowalid, / CC BY-SA 3.0
Bulla Regia


Ruins of a city that was founded by Punians around the 4th century BC and later extended by Romans. Magnificent mosaic floors have been preserved. Many of the buildings were partly underground – this was an adaptation to the African heat.

Bulla Regia, mosaic
Bulla Regia, mosaic. / Verity Cridland, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Makthar (Maktara)


An ancient settlement, inhabited since the eighth millennium BC. The city was established here in the 3rd – 2nd century BC. Later it was an important Numidian, Punic, and Roman city, and an important center of Christianity. Declined in the 5th century AD.

Makthar. / Panegyrics of Granovetter, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0


Ruins of a Roman city with some of the best-preserved ruins of forum temples.

Sufetula in Tunisia, ruins of temples
Sufetula, ruins of temples / Dennis Jarvis, / CC BY-SA 2.0
Temple of Hathor Miskar


An ancient Punic temple that was built in the 1st century BC, and reconstructed in the 2nd century AD. This shows that the Punic cult continued here long after the arrival of the Romans. Temple contained the longest known Punic inscription – 47 lines on 10 columns.


Ben Arous

Ruins of Punic and Roman citiy. Here have been found fine mosaics, a large amphitheater, baths, a capitol, an aqueduct, as well as an enormous temple of Jupiter.

Dougga Numidian Mausoleum


One of the few remaining Numidian royal mausoleums. This structure is 21 m tall, built in the 2nd century BC.

House of the Hunt in Bulla Regia (Maison de la Chasse)


Large city house of wealthy Ancient Roman citizens with fine mosaic floors. The planning of this house is similar to the planning of a basilica and it is possible that elements of such houses were used for the concept of Christian churches.

Oudna amphitheater

Ben Arous

110 by 90 m large amphitheater with a capacity of 15,000 spectators.

Oudna amphitheater
Oudna amphitheater. / Panegyrics of Granovetter, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Tophet of SalammbĂł


Punic sanctuary and necropolis of children that was used in 730 BC – 146 AD. It is considered that this was the site where children were sacrificed by Carthaginians. Now it is located under a later, Roman-built vault.

The mysterious Tophet of SalammbĂł in Carthage - possible site of child sacrifice
The mysterious Tophet of Salammbó in Carthage – possible site of child sacrifice / Neil Rickards, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Kef Negcha Rock (Kef Ennagcha)


A large rock that rises above El Feijaa forest. Prehistoric sacred site with signs of rock art. On the top of the rock were built Numidian fortresses and even fortifications of Algerian freedom fighters from 1960 – 1962.

Architecture wonders



Unique troglodyte village with numerous underground rock-cut houses in intense use up to this day. Matmâta was developed as a hideaway from the scorching heat of the Sahara desert and it is possible that it has existed since Roman times.

Matmâta underground houses, Tunisia
Matmâta underground houses / Dennis Jarvis, / CC BY-SA 2.0


One of the holiest Islam cities. Kairouan was founded sometime in 670 AD. Has several very important buildings, including the Great Mosque of Uqba from the 9th century.

Kairouan. / Jean-Pierre Dalbéra, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Mosque of Uqba (Great Mosque of Kairouan)


The oldest mosque in the Western Islamic world, built in 670 AD. An impressive building that resembles a fortress.

Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunis
Great Mosque of Kairouan / David Weekly, / CC BY 2.0
Medina of Tunis


One of the best preserved Arab old cities. The whole medina (270 ha) is covered with a dense, seemingly chaotic network of buildings and streets. Here are located some 700 monuments of architecture and history.

Medina of Tunis
Medina of Tunis. / grolli77, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Al-Zaytuna Mosque (Zitouna Mosque) and Ez-Zitouna University


An enormous mosque that hosts one of the oldest and best universities in the history of Islam. The first mosque here was built around 703 AD. University is founded in 737 AD and is considered to be the oldest teaching establishment in the Arab world.

Al-Zaytun Mosque
Al-Zaytun Mosque. / Andrew Moore, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
El Ghriba synagogue


One of the oldest synagogues in the world. It houses the oldest Sefer Torah – a handwritten Torah.

El Ghriba synagogue
El Ghriba synagogue. / Citizen59, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Ksar Ouled Soltane


Fortified granary, typical for Tunisia and Libya, constructed in the 15th – 19th century. Such communal Berber granaries were built in order to protect the food supplies from raids.

Ksar Ouled Soltane - fortified granary, Tunisia
Ksar Ouled Soltane – fortified granary / Katina Rogers, / CC BY 2.0
Medina of Sousse


Well-preserved medieval city with magnificent fortification walls. Sousse has the characteristic architecture of white-washed houses with blue details. Interesting buildings are Ribat, the Great Mosque, Bu Ftata Mosque, and others.

Walled medina of Sfax


An old city that is enclosed in massive, 2.75 km long fortification walls. These walls are 7 – 11 m tall and have two historical gates and 34 towers. The old city is 600 by 400 m large.

Medina of Tozeur


An old city with a specific style of traditional architecture – ornate brickwork.

WorldYellow Recommended books

Tunisia – Culture Smart!

Culture Smart! provides essential information on attitudes, beliefs, and behavior in different countries, ensuring that you arrive at your destination aware of basic manners, common courtesies, and sensitive issues. These concise guides tell you what to expect, how to behave, and how to establish a rapport with your hosts. This inside knowledge will enable you to steer clear of embarrassing gaffes and mistakes, feel confident in unfamiliar situations, and develop trust, friendships, and successful business relationships.

The Rough Guide to Tunisia

The Rough Guide to Tunisia is the definitive guide to this Afro-Mediterranean destination. The full-color introduction covers the mile-long beaches of the distinctly European northern coast, as well as the fortified kasbah’s of the mountainous interior and the sub-Saharan oases. There are lively accounts of all the sights, from Roman remains and Islamic monuments to the ancient Medinas of Tunis, Sfax, and Sousse. You’ll find two full-color sections that highlight Tunisia’s striking architecture and varied wildlife, information on the best resorts, and exciting excursions into the mountains and desert.

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