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Wonders of Venezuela

View from Mount Roraima, Venezuela
View from Mount Roraima / , Flickr / CC-BY-2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

Venezuela is famous for its primeval, vast natural areas with numerous impressive natural monuments: such as the plateaus with abrupt walls (tepui) and numerous very impressive waterfalls, including the world’s highest one – Angel Falls.

Extremely high biodiversity is characteristic for the entire country.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 25 wonders of Venezuela

Geological wonders

Angel Falls

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

This is the tallest and one of the most spectacular waterfalls in the world, with a total height of 979 meters. It has the highest single drop (807 meters) in the world.

Angel Falls, Venezuela
Angel Falls / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Sima Humboldt and Sima Martel

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

314 and 248 meters deep, ancient quartzite sinkholes on the top of forested table-top mountains and containing patches of isolated, primeval rainforest on their bottoms.

Sima Humboldt and Sima Martel, sinkholes in Venezuela
Sima Humboldt and Sima Martel, sinkholes in Venezuela / Luis Ruiz Berti, public domain
Mount Roraima

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

The famous table-mountains in this part of the world have near-unique karst formations in quartzite. Over the many millions of years, it has been eroded by water, creating countless very interesting formations. Roraima is up to 2.8 km high.

Formations on Mount Roraima
Formations on Mount Roraima / Edmilson sanches, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0
Kukenaam Falls (Cuquenan Falls)

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

With 674 meters in height and 61 meters in width plunging from the rim of a tepui, this fall is similar in many respects to the world’s tallest waterfall – Angel Falls.

Kukenaam Falls in Venezuela
Kukenaam Falls in Venezuela / J.Falcon, Wikimedia Commons, public domain

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

Giant tepui with the world’s tallest waterfalls falling over its rims.

Auyán-tepui and Angel Falls. Churún River to the right.
Auyán-tepui and Angel Falls. Churún River to the right./ Heribert Dezeo, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0
Quebrada de Jaspe

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

A waterfall that falls over a bright red jasper.

Quebrada de Jaspe, Venezuela
Quebrada de Jaspe / Luis Ruiz Berti, public domain.
Catatumbo lightning (“Lighthouse of Maracaibo”)


In the marshy delta of the Catatumbo River, during 140 – 160 days and nights (10 hours mainly in the afternoons) a year there is almost continuous powerful lightning. This location is the world’s most powerful generator of tropospheric ozone.

Catatumbo Lightning, Venezuela
Catatumbo Lightning / Thechemicalengineer, Wikipedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Cerro Autana


This spectacular tepui (local table-top mountain) has up to 900 meters high, abrupt walls. Its small summit area is covered with diverse ecosystems that contain eight endemic species that are not seen outside this small platform. The cave runs through the mountain.

Sima Aonda

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

383 meters deep, ancient quartzite sinkhole. The stream that flows through it, emerges at one side of the steep wall of Auyantepui, and here, in the open air, it falls down for some 100 m.

Overview of Aonda platform, Venezuela
Overview of Aonda platform / © Google Earth, CNES / Astrium
Pará Falls (Salto Pará)

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

The widest waterfall in South America, it is 5,608 meters wide and 64 meters high.

Sistema Roraima Sur

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

The longest known cave system in quartzite. It contains numerous unique geological formations. Investigated up to 16,400 meters in length.

Cueva del Fantasma

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

A collapsed gorge on the slope of Aprada tepui, with an extremely impressive, enormous entrance hall.

Roraima Falls (Salto Roraima)

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

This waterfall is 610 meters high and 23 meters wide, falling from the high wall of a tepui.

Kawi Falls

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

A waterfall that falls over bright red jasper.

Los MĂ©danos de Coro


This aeolian landscape is 5 by 30 kilometers large and consists of sand dunes that are up to 40 meters high.

Imawarì Yeuta

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

Unusual quartzite cave on Auyantepui that is explored to 15,450 m in length. Here are located amazing, nearly unique silicate formations.

Aponguao Falls (Salto Aponwao, Chinak Meru)

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

Very impressive, powerful waterfall, 106 meters high, and approximately 200 meters wide.

Sapo Falls

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

Very picturesque waterfall.

Canaima Lagoon Falls

BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

Very picturesque waterfall.

Pedernales mud volcanoes

Delta Amacuro

A group of spectacular 10 – 20 meters tall, active mud volcanoes.

Biological wonders


BolĂ­var (Venezuela)

The only forested tepui. Here are two unusual sinkholes – Sima Humboldt and Sima Martel.

Guácharo Cave


10.5 km long cave system where lives the largest colony of guácharos, consisting of roughly 15,000 large birds with the unique ability to orientate with the help of echolocation.

Archaeological wonders



A site with diverse archaeological monuments: such as 165 rocks with approximately 445 petroglyphs (around 0 – the 7th century AD) and megalithic alignments.

Architecture wonders



The most authentic colonial town in Venezuela. It was established in 1527 and to a large extent has preserved its unique adobe houses and old cobbled streets. Although the town was built with a heavy old European influence, it shows the results of indigenous planning and building methods, creating a large impact on the development of the whole region.

Zamora Street, Coro in Venezuela
Zamora Street, Coro / Micpol, Wikimedia Commons. CC-BY-3.0
Mountain of Sorte


The central pilgrimage place for the MarĂ­a Lionza religious cult.

WorldYellow Recommended books

Venezuela – Culture Smart!

An influential oil producer with a colorful and charismatic president at its helm since 1999, Venezuela is a vast, sometimes frustrating, but never dull country. It is one of the most complex countries in Latin America and one of the least understood. An ambitious attempt to benefit the poor and redistribute oil wealth by President Hugo Chavez has seen a major political transformation in recent years that has put a severe strain on its traditional ties with the USA. He has made steadfast attempts to confront his powerful northern neighbor and reduce Venezuela’s economic dependence on the United States.

Insight Guide Venezuela

Insight Guides, the world’s largest visual travel guide series, in association with Discovery Channel, the world’s premier source of nonfiction entertainment, provides more insight than ever. From the most popular resort cities to the most exotic villages, Insight Guides capture the unique character of each culture from an insider’s perspective.

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4 years ago

really helpful

4 years ago
Reply to  Sabrina

kindof helpful more info tho

4 years ago

its okay but i still need more info.

11 months ago

Este foi o quarto artigo que acabei de ser relacionado a esse tem e foi o que mais deixou claro para mim. Gostei. https://www.noticiasdaweb.com.br/rorai-cap/

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