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Wonders of Western Australia

King George Falls, Western Australia
King George Falls, Western Australia. / Roderick Eime, Flickr / CC BY-ND 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

This giant Australian state is spectacular and very rich with diverse, unusual landmarks. The most amazing wonders of Western Australia are:

  • Biodiversity. Most of Western Australia is dry land, but far lands across this desert in the western part of continent serve as refuges of unique fauna and flora.
  • Geology and cliff formations. The history of this land is counted in billions of years. Billions of years… Cliff formations in Western Australia often have no analogs. Some of the most amazing ones are Bungle Bungle Range and Wave Rock.
  • Aboriginal art. In Kimberley and other regions are located countless examples of indigenous rock art, often of high artistic quality. Truly unique is Murujuga site in Burrup peninsula – possibly the world’s largest art gallery with more than one million drawings.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 25 wonders of Western Australia

Geological wonders

Wave Rock

Wheatbelt Region

Highly unusual cliff formation that resembles an enormous petrified wave. Several more such formations in the vicinity.

Lake Hillier

Goldfields-Esperance Region

Unusual lake in flamboyant rose color, surrounded by lush green forest and the ocean nearby. The unusual color, most likely, is caused by algae Dunaliella salina but the search for the cause continues.

Lake Hillier
Lake Hillier. / Kurioziteti123, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0
Shell Beach, L’Haridon Bight

Gascoyne Region

One of the few beaches in the world that consists exclusively of shells. Here shells extend for 60 kilometers with a 7 -10 m thick layer.

Shell Beach, Western Australia
Shell Beach, Western Australia./ Halooch, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 3.0
Bungle Bungle Range

Kimberley Region

An incomparable landscape created by highly unusual rock formations. The landscape is marked by up to 250 meters high sandstone pillars and beehive structures of contrasting light orange and dark colors. Deep gorges, labyrinths. An important site for the investigation of sandstone karst processes.

Bungle Bungles, Western Australia
Bungle Bungles / NeilsPhotography, / CC BY 2.0
The Pinnacles (Nambung)

Wheatbelt Region

Desert, filled with amazing limestone formations – pinnacles that rise up to 3.5 m high.

The Pinnacles in Nambung National Park
The Pinnacles in Nambung National Park. / Tobias Keller, Wikimedia Commons / CC 1.0
Wolfe Creek crater

Kimberley Region

Western Australia. Visually expressive meteorite impact crater, 875 meters in diameter, 60 meters deep. Created some 300,000 years ago.

Wolfe Creek Crater, Australia
Wolfe Creek Crater, Australia / Kookaburra, Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Horizontal Falls

Kimberley Region

Sea currents through two narrow chasms (12 and 20 m), caused by tides. Tides there are 10 m high thus several times during the day there is seen impressive sight.

Horizontal Falls, Western Australia
Horizontal Falls, Western Australia. / Stephan Ridgway, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Zircons of Jack Hills

Mid West

The oldest known terrestrial material on the surface of Earth, these crystals of zircon formed some 4.4 billion years ago. The oldest crystal was found on Erawandoo Hill – 4,404 million years old. Exploration of this material provides new information about the early history of Earth.

Conglomerate from Jack Hills with 4.4 billion years old zircon crystals
Conglomerate from Jack Hills with 4.4 billion years old zircon crystals. / Graeme Churchard, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Walga Rock

Mid West

One of the largest monoliths in Australia, approximately 1.8 km long. Contains Walga Rock Art.

Walga Rock, Australia
Mitchell Falls

Kimberley Region

Waterfall with 4 cascades. Total height – some 60 – 80 m. Remote, beautiful waterfall in a harsh landscape.

Mitchell Falls, Western Australia
Mitchell Falls / NeilsPhotography, / CC BY 2.0
Tunnel Creek

Kimberley Region

Approximately 750 m long cave – a tunnel with a stream running through it. This is a very old cave system, approximately 20 million years old. Amazing speleothems, aboriginal drawings. Freshwater crocodiles have been seen in the cave.

Tunnel Creek, Western Australia
Tunnel Creek, Western Australia. / Phil Whitehouse, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Montgomery Reef tidal falls

Kimberley Region

When the tide is low and a huge amount of water leaves the lagoon of this coral reef, hundreds of waterfalls appear around it. These falls can be up to 4 m tall.

Murchison River Gorge

Mid West

Spectacular river gorge, more than 80 km long and up to 129 m deep. Valuable Ordovician fossils. Endemic species of plants.

Murchison Gorge through Nature's Window
Murchison Gorge through Nature’s Window. / Bev Sykes, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Shell House

Mid West

Beautiful and impressive coastal cliffs, Ordovician and Triassic sandstone, and shale.

Sea cliffs in Kalbarri National Park
Sea cliffs in Kalbarri National Park. / Dan Nevill, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Abracurrie Cave

Goldfields-Esperance Region

Possibly the largest single cave chamber in the southern hemisphere, with a volume of some 150 thousand cubic meters. Contains Aboriginal stencils – the deepest native cave art in Australia.

Nature’s Window in Murchison Canyon

Mid West

Natural arch in a gorgeous setting with a view of the deep Murchison Canyon seen through the arch.

Nature's Window and Murchison Canyon, Australia
Nature’s Window and Murchison Canyon / Eric Titcombe, / CC BY 2.0

Biological wonders

Hamelin Pool and L’haridon Bight

Gascoyne Region

Hypersaline shallows with unique biotope – active growth of stromatolites – the oldest known form of life on Earth. Also other unique forms of life.

Stromatolites in Shark Bay, Hamelin Pool in Western Australia
Stromatolites in Shark Bay, Hamelin Pool / Mark Ireland, / CC BY 2.0
Lake Clifton thrombolites

Peel Region

A colony of thrombolites in shallow areas of the lake. These colonies of microbial mats resemble round, white stones.

Thrombolites in Lake Clifton
Thrombolites in Lake Clifton. / SeanMack, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 3.0
The Boab Prison Tree, Derby

Kimberley Region

An unusual boab (Adansonia gregorii). Its circumference is 14.64 m but the height is just 9.5 m. Boab was used to lock up indigenous Australians in the 1860s on their way to sentencing.

The Boab Prison Tree, Western Australia. Girth 14.64 m
The Boab Prison Tree, Western Australia. Girth 14.64 m / , Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Mont Lesueur

Wheatbelt Region

Flat-topped hills – mesas (Mont Lesueur and Mont Michaud), rising above the surrounding plains. The area contains a very high number of endemic and very rare species of plants.

Mont Lesueur with laterite boulders
Mont Lesueur with laterite boulders. / Paul Morris, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Dave Evans Bicentennial Tree

South West Region

Giant, 75 m tall karri tree (Eucalyptus diversicolor) with a lookout platform at 65 m height.

Dave Evans Bicentennial Tree
Dave Evans Bicentennial Tree./ Laurent, Flickr / CC BY-ND 2.0

Archaeological wonders

Donkey Creek Wandjina paintings

Kimberley Region

Rock shelter with very interesting Wandjina paintings of high artistic value.

Wandjina art at Donkey Creek
Wandjina art at Donkey Creek. / Claire Taylor, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 2.0
Murujuga cliff art

Pilbara Region

Over one million diverse petroglyphs, often showing also extinct animals such as the Tasmanian tiger (Thylacinus cynocephalus) as well as the oldest representations of the human face in the world. The largest collection of cliff art in Australia, created over more than 40,000 years.

Murujuga engravings
Murujuga engravings. / Marius Fenger, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0
Depuch Island rock art

Pilbara Region

Rocks and boulders on this small island are covered with rock art by the Ngaluma people to whom it is an important site of legends.

Gwion Gwion art along Gibb River Road

Kimberley Region

Excellent samples of Gwion Gwion (Bradshaw) style – sophisticated silhouettes of humans and other beings, often mythical ones. At least 17,000 years old. Multiple sites are available upon agreement with local people.

WorldYellow Recommended books

Deserts of Gold, Kalgoorlie & Beyond, Western Australia

Travel into the Western Australian Deserts of Gold. Visit some of the old gold mining towns with Author Jan Hawkins, read about the Golden Trail, the Super Pit, and life in Kalgoorlie, a vibrant gold town in today’s world.


When perusing the literature it became obvious to the author that although there are many published books on the flora of Western Australia these are in hardback and paperback versions (which are often very expensive) and there are very few available for use on tablets and other e-book readers. Frequently the photography in the hard copies is not good enough for easy identification of the plants in Western Australia.

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