Wonders of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is a gorgeous country with rich array of natural and man made heritage. The most amazing wonders of Zimbabwe are:
- The only true large ancient stone structures south from Sahara. Best known by far is Great Zimbabwe, which gave a name and cultural symbols for the country, but there are hundreds of more sites.
- Ecosystems and giant trees. Zimbabwe has southernmost African rainforest – Chirinda Forest, which has a truly unique mahogany tree. Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe have several outlying "islands" of tropical forest with numerous endemic species of plants and animals.
Among the other highlights should be mentioned gorgeous waterfalls (including one of world’s most impressive natural landmarks – Victoria Falls) and excellent prehistoric cliff paintings.
Map with the described wonders
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Top 25 wonders of Zimbabwe
Matabeleland North (and also Zambia)
World’s largest curtain of falling water, 1,708 meters wide and 108 meters high waterfall. One of the most impressive natural sights in the world.
Group of legendary, sacred, and very impressive caves with up to 172 meters deep lakes (Sleeping Pool). Extremely high transparency of water where clouds and birds flying over can be seen from 30 meters depth inside the cave lake.
Mutarazi Falls (Mtarazi Falls) and Mutaruru Falls
A pair of two waterfalls. The largest – Mutarazi Falls – is a 762 m tall waterfall, one of the tallest in Africa. Part of the waterfall plunges free in the air (479 m), and part slides down along a very steep cliff. Mutaruru Falls have similar height and have formed on a smaller stream some 500 m east from the large waterfall.
Malindidzimu (Matopos Hills)
Summit of a mountain – enormous granitic monolith, with giant boulders on it. Ancient sacred place with great views. Controversial cemetery of the European invaders, e.g. Cecil Rhodes.
Mother and Child Kopje
Impressive balancing rocks, rising tall above the surroundings.
Epworth Balancing Rocks
A stack of enormous boulders, well known thanks to a depiction on banknotes.
243 m tall waterfall on Pungwe (Pungoe) River with several cascades and twists.
St. Anne’s pegmatite
Rich find of gemstones with exceptional blue topaz, blue euclase, aquamarine, tourmalines and other gems.
Stand of moist montane tropical forest at the height of 1,100 – 1,250 metres, area 606 ha. This is the southernmost African tropical rainforest. Contains numerous endemic species and enormous trees. Here grows also the Big Tree – some 65 metres high, and 4.5 metres stout (diameter) African Mahogany (Khaya anthotheca).
Chirinda Big Tree
An enormous African Mahogany (Khaya anthoteca), diameter at least 4.5 m, height at least 64 meters. Grows in the southernmost African rainforest – Chirinda Forest.
Possibly the largest baobab in Zimbabwe, with a circumference of 27.61 m (1987), 21 m high. It is not known if the tree survives up to this day.
The capital city of the Kingdom of Zimbabwe, inhabited around 1100 – 1400 AD. There could be up to 18,000 inhabitants in the city at its peak. Today remain impressive ruins of dry stone. Walls are more than 5 m tall, the architecture is monumental and highly distinct.
Ruins of the former capital of Butua Kingdom. Built and inhabited roughly in 1450 – 1800s. Consists of seven built-up areas, structures were constructed with great skill. Especially impressive is a 68 m long stone wall that is adorned with checkerboard ornaments.
Natural rock shelter with some 100 m long panel of paintings. These paintings are some 13,000 and some 2,000 years old and depict people, hunting scenes.
Cave with beautiful prehistoric paintings of animals – giraffes, elephants, kudu.
Prehistoric cave settlement with cave paintings (damaged). Archaeological excavations have provided 39,032 artifacts.
Cave with extensive prehistoric paintings.
Long caves, contain at least 1000 years old San paintings.
White Rhino Shelter
Cliff shelter with a prehistoric frieze that depicts large rhinos.
Victoria Falls Bridge
Steel parabolic arch bridge near Victoria Falls. The longest span is 156.5 m, bridge was constructed in 1905.
Ruins of Rozvi town, constructed mainly in the 17th – 18th centuries. Structures were made from dry stone, possibly also from mud that was reinforced with wood.
An enormous steel through arch bridge, beautiful structure. This bridge was built in 1935 and the longest span is 329.4 m long.
Ruins of Rozvi town, built mainly in the 17th century. Dry stone walls are decorated with chevron and herringbone ornaments. One of the most impressive archaeological sites in Zimbabwe.
Ruins – colossal stone walls, platforms. Constructed in the 18th – 19th century by local people.
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