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Islamic shrines

Outstanding mosques and Islamic sites

Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, Saudi Arabia
Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, Medina / , Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

Below are listed some of most important, impressive and beautiful Islamic monuments of the world, arranged by region and age:

Saudi Arabia

Kaaba, Mecca - the holiest of all Islamic sites
Kaaba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia - the holiest of all Islamic sites / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0
  • Hira - Saudi Arabia, Makkah. Cave where Muhammad received his first revelations from God.
  • Quba Mosque - Saudi Arabia, Al Madinah. Oldest mosque, construction started by prophet Muhammad. Completely rebuilt in 1986.
  • Al-Masjid al-Nabawi - Saudi Arabia, Al Madinah. Second most important Islamic site, contains tomb of Muhammad (Green Dome). Here is built the second largest mosque in world, developed since 622 AD. Rebuilt numerous times, latest significant rebuildings from the 19th and also 20th centuries.
  • Masjid al-Haram - Saudi Arabia, Makkah. Largest mosque in world. Established in 638 AD and surrounding Kaaba - holiest site of Islam.


Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0
  • Al-Aqsa Mosque - Palestine, West Bank, Jerusalem. One of holiest sites in Islam - Muhammad was transported here during the Night Journey from Mecca. The second oldest mosque, originally built in the first half of the 7th century, current building from 1035. Located on Temple Mount - holiest site in Judaism.
  • Dome of the Rock - Palestine, West Bank, Jerusalem. Oldest existing Islamic building in world, completed in 691 AD. Rock at the heart of Dome - holiest site in Judaism and one of the holiest in Islam.
  • Umayyad Mosque - Syria, Damascus. One of largest and oldest mosques in world, of great importance to Christians as well - it reportedly contains head of John the Baptist. Built in 706-715, before this served as Christian church.
  • Great Mosque of Aleppo - Syria, Aleppo. Ancient mosque, present one built in the 13th century, minaret from 1090 or older. According to legend here is buried father of John the Baptist.


Imam Ali Mosque, Iraq
Imam Ali Mosque, Iraq / K.Abrahamsson, Wikimedia Commons, public domain
  • Imam Husayn Shrine - Iraq, Karbala. Mosque built over the grave of second grandson of Muhammad. First mosque here in 684 AD, rebuilt numerous times. Current mosque plastered with gold and adorned with jewels.
  • Great Mosque of Samarra - Iraq, Saladin. Enormous mosque, completed in 851 AD. Unusual 52 metres high minaret resembling a spiralling cone. Mosque partly destroyed by terrorists in 2005.
  • Al-Askari Mosque - Iraq, Saladin. One of most important Shī'ah mosques, built in 944 AD. Once beautiful mosque has been badly damaged by terrorists - golden dome destroyed by bombing in 2006, golden minarets - in 2007.
  • Imam Ali Mosque - Iraq, Najaf. Mosque established in 977, here is buried cousin of Muhammad - ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib, as well as, according to Shi'a belief - Adam and Noah. Current gold covered building built shortly after 1500. One of most important Islam sites.


Imam Reza Shrine, Iran
Imam Reza Shrine, Iran / lahsan, Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA-3.0
  • Jamé Mosque of Isfahan - Iran, Isfahan. One of oldest mosques in Iran, construction started in 771 and since then has been almost continuous. Evolved into harmonious, beautiful complex of buildings.
  • Imam Reza shrine - Iran, Meshed. Important religious and theological complex, includes tomb of Imām Ridhā - eighth Imām, the beautiful Goharshad Mosque, theological education institutions and library. Visited by 15 - 20 million pilgrims a year. Developing since 818 AD.
  • Jamkaran Mosque - Iran, Qom. Important pilgrimage site since recent times - locals believe that twelwth Imām - a messiah who wil lead the world to an era of universal peace - has appeared here and offered prayers in the end of the 20th century. Sacred place since 984.
  • Fatima al-Masumeh Shrine - Iran, Qom. Important mosque, most of it built in the early 17th century. Enormous gold covered dome, very ornate interior.
  • Shah Mosque - Iran, Isfahan. One of masterpieces of Persian architecture, construction started in 1611.


  • Mosque of Uqba - Tunisia, Kairouan. Oldest mosque in Western Islamic world, built in 670 AD. Impressive building, resembling a fortress.
  • Hassan II Mosque - Morocco, Casablanca. Third largest mosque in world, with highest minaret in world - 210 metres high. Built in 1993. Half of mosque is built over Atlantic Ocean.

South Asia

Badshahi Mosque, Pakistan
Badshahi Mosque, Pakistan / , Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
  • Tomb of Salim Chishti - India, Uttar Pradesh. Tomb of Sufi saint, beautiful mausoleum constructed in 1580 - 1581.
  • Charminar - India, Telangana, Hyderabad. Impressive, ornate building, built in 1591.
  • Jama Mosque - India, Delhi. Largest and best known mosque in India, built in 1656.
  • Badshahi Mosque - Pakistan, Lahore. Largest mosque in world from its construction in 1673 to 1986, enormous courtyard.

Other countries

Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Turkey
Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Turkey / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0
  • Huaisheng Mosque - China, Guangzhou. One of oldest mosques in world, built in 650, rebuilt in 1350 and 1695.
  • Great Mosque of Córdoba (Cathedral of Cordoba) - Spain, Andalusia. Mosque, converted into church, renovned as the best example of Umayyad architecture. Begun sometimes around 600 AD as Christian church, rebuilt into mosque in 784 AD and in 1236 recaptured by Christians and converted to church. Inner hall contains 856 columns holding (for most part) double arches - architectural innovation.
  • Al-Azhar Mosque - Egypt, Cairo. Impressive mosque from 970 AD, here developed the most significant Islamic university in world. Nowadays one of influential centres in Islamic world.
  • Great Mosque of Djenné - Mali, Djenné. The largest adobe building in world, has unique design. First mosque here since the 13th century, current built in 1907 or 1909.
  • Djinguereber Mosque - Mali, Timbuktu. Mosque and famous learning centre, built in 1327 from earth.
  • Bibi-Khanym Mosque - Uzbekistan, Samarkand. Beautiful mosque, built by Timur in 1399 - 1404.
  • Larabanga Mosque - Ghana, Northern Region. Adobe mosque built in 1421.
  • Selimiye Mosque - Turkey, Edirne. One of most beautiful Ottoman mosques, built in 1568 - 1574.
  • Sheikh Zayed Mosque - United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi. One of most beautiful religious structures of modern times, built in 2007. Mosque unites diverse styles of Islamic architecture and modern technologies and contains outstanding works of art and craftmanship.
  • Shrine of Ali in Mazar-i-Sharif - Afghanistan, Balkh. Gorgeous mosque with turquoise colored domes, one of the most venerated shrines in Afghanistan. First mosque was destroyed by Genghis Khan around 1220 and the current building was built in the 15th century.
  • Shrine of Sahaba - Eritrea, North Red Sea region. Small shrine in Massawa Old City, reportedly built by the followers of prophet, who landed here in 615 AD.
  • Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque) - Turkey, Istanbul. One of largest mosques in world, completed in 1616, in many respects modeled after Christian Hagia Sophia nearby. Imperial mosque of Ottoman Empire.
  • Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque - Brunei, Bandar Seri Begavan. One of largest mosques, built in 1958, this Islamic site is renowned due to its impressive and elegant design.

List of described mosques and Islamic sites

Here are listed mosques and Islamic sites described by Wondermondo.

Click on headings to sort the table!

319 Al-Aqsa Mosque Palestine
328 Great Mosque of Djenné Mali
376 Kaaba and Masjid-al-Haram Saudi Arabia
399 Hagia Sophia Turkey
408 Sheikh Zayed Mosque, Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates
434 Agadez Mosque Niger
439 Bobo Dioulasso Grand Mosque Burkina Faso
450 Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque Brunei
483 Kalta Minor, Khiva Uzbekistan
485 Shrine of Ali in Mazar-i-Sharif Afghanistan

Other articles

Map of described Islamic shrines

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