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List of rock cut architecture

List of described rock cut architecture and sculptures

Here are listed rock cut architecture and sculptures described in this website.

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NoNameCountry, regionBuild timeValueRank
31Ajanta Caves India, Maharashtrathe 2nd century BC - 480 ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology1
32Ellora Caves, Kailasanatha Temple India, Maharashtra550 - 1000 ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology1
33Barabar Caves India, Biharthe 3rd century BCArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology6
34Nagarjuni Caves India, Biharthe 3rd century BCArchitecture, History, Archaeology8
35Elephanta Caves India, Maharashtrathe 5th - 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology2
36Son Bhandar Caves India, Biharthe 3rd - 4th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology, Unexplained8
37Badami Cave Temples India, Karnatakathe 6th - 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology4
40Karla Caves India, Maharashtra120 BC - the 10th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology2
41Bhaja Caves India, Maharashtrathe 2nd century BCArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology3
42Bedse Caves India, Maharashtrathe 1st century BCArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology5
43Varaha Cave Temple India, Tamil Naduthe 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology9
44Yali Mandapam - Tiger Cave India, Tamil Naduthe 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology6
45Atiranachanda Mandapam India, Tamil Naduthe 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology8
46Krishna Mandapam India, Tamil Naduthe 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology8
47Ramanuja Mandapam India, Tamil Nadu640 - 674 ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology8
48Mahishasura Mardini Cave India, Tamil Nadu?Art, Architecture, History, Archaeology7
49Koneri Mandapam India, Tamil Naduthe 6th - 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology8
50Lalitankura Pallavesvara Griham India, Tamil Naduthe 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology7
51Pandav Leni Caves India, Maharashtrathe 1st century BC - 12th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology6
52Udayagiri Caves, Khandagiri Caves India, Orissathe 1st century BCArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology5
53Kanheri Caves India, Maharashtrathe 1st century BC - the 9th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology5
54Bagh Caves India, Madhya Pradeshthe 4th - 6th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology5
55Pitalkhora Caves India, Maharashtra250 BC - the 4th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology7
56Ravana Phadi, Aihole India, Karnataka550 ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology8
57Aurangabad Caves India, Maharashtrathe 2nd - 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology7
58Adivaraha Cave Temple India, Tamil Nadu630 - 668 ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology9
60Ankai-Tankai Caves India, Maharashtrathe 10th - 13th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology8
61Gorakhgad Caves India, Maharashtra?Art, Architecture, History, Archaeology9
64Jogighopa Cave Temples India, Assam650 - 900 ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology8
65Buddhist temple of Aragada Hill India, Orissa?Art, Architecture, History, Archaeology9
67Sittanavasal Cave India, Tamil Naduthe 7th - 10th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology4
68Melakkoil - Kudumiyanmalai Cave Temple India, Tamil Naduthe 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology9
69Undavalli Caves India, Andhra Pradeshthe 4th - 5th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology6
70Murugan Temple, Thiruparankundram India, Tamil Naduthe 8th century AD, the 16th - 18th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology6
71Thirunadhikkara Cave Temple India, Tamil Naduthe 7th - 8th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology7
73Pandav Caves, Pachmarhi India, Madhya Pradeshthe 7th - 8th century ADArt, History, Archaeology, Geology8
74Thanale Caves India, Maharashtrathe 2nd - 3th century BCArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology7
75Karsamble Caves India, Maharashtrathe 2nd century BCArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology7
76Saspol Caves India, Jammu and Kashmirthe 13th - 15th century ADArt, History, Archaeology6
78Malayadipatti rock-cut Hindu temples India, Tamil Naduthe 8th - 9th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology5
80Jogimara Cave, Sita Bengra Cave India, Chhattisgarh300 BCArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology5
83Kuda Caves India, Maharashtrathe 1st century BC - 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology8
84Lenyadri Caves, Junnar India, Maharashtrathe 1st - 3rd century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology6
85Manmod Caves, Junnar India, Maharashtrathe 1st - 11th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology8
86Shivneri Caves, Junnar India, Maharashtrathe 1st - 3rd century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology8
87Tulja Lena, Junnar India, Maharashtrathe 1st - 3rd century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology8
88Panhale Kaji (Panhale Kazi) India, Maharashtrathe 3rd - 14th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology6
89Tabo Caves India, Himachal Pradesh?Art, History, Archaeology9
103Lonad Caves India, Maharashtrathe 5th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology7
104Gavi Gangadhareshwara India, Karnatakathe 9th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology5
105Mahakali Caves or Kondivita Caves India, Maharashtrathe 1st - 6th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology9
195Dwarfie Stane United Kingdom, Scotland, Orkney Islands3000 - 2500 BCArcheology, Visual, Unexplained5
252Masroor Rock Cut Temples (Masrur Temples) India, Himachal Pradeshthe 8th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology4
253Pancha Rathas, Mahabalipuram India, Tamil Naduthe 7th century ADArt, Architecture, History, Archaeology2
298Aramu Muru - the mystical portal Peru, Puno?Archaeology, History, Unexplained5
346Great Sphinx of Giza Egypt, Giza2558 - 2532 BC ?Art, Archaeology, History, Unexplained1
487Petra Jordan, Ma'anthe 2nd century BC - 2nd century ADArt, Archaeology, History1
492Monte Brasil "Phoenician sanctuaries" Portugal, Azoresthe 2th century BC?Architecture, Archaeology, History, Unexplained5
549Coober Pedy dugouts Australia, South Australia~ 1917Architecture, History, Visual4

Featured:

India: Badami Cave Temples

Badami Cave 3, entrance portal
Badami Cave 3 in India, entrance portal / Wikimedia Commons, Dinesh Kannambadi, CC BY-SA 3.0

The first ruler of the Early Chalukya dynasty, Pulakesi I established a new capital for his kingdom sometime around 540 AD. This city was located at the mouth of steep ravine and initially was named Vatapi. Nowadays it is known as Badami.

Great kingdom needed outstanding sanctuaries. Badami Chalukyas built Badami Cave Temples – some of the most exquisite Indian rock-cut temples.

India: Krishna Mandapam - rock-cut Hindu temple

Krishna Mandapam in Mahabalipuram, relief
Relief at the rear wall of Krishna Mandapam / McKay Savage, / CC BY 2.0

The largest cave-cut Hindu temple in Mahabalipuram is Krishna Mandapam - it is also one of the oldest structures in Mahabalipuram. This structure is cut in diorite, above the temple there are located enormous boulders. Close next to it is located one of the most amazing ancient artworks of world - Arjuna's Penance.

India: Bagh Caves - rock cut Buddhist temples

Bagh Caves, entrance
Bagh Caves, entrance / Wikimedia Commons, User LRBurdak, CC BY-SA 3.0

One of the most surprising monuments of ancient Buddhist art is found in remote, collapsing Bagh Caves. Here in 1818 were discovered significant monuments of art including some of the most amazing paintings known to be made by ancient man. Unfortunately out of initial 9 caves only 5 have been preserved up to this day.

India: Sittanavasal Cave (Chithannavasal Cave) and Eladipattam

Scene of Samava-sarvana, Sittanavasal
Scene of Samava-sarvana, Sittanavasal / Yorck Project, public domain

Some of the best cave paintings of medieval India are located in Sittanavasal Cave in Tamil Nadu. This rock-cut Jain monastery contains artwork comparable to famous murals in Ajanta Caves and Bagh Caves. Paintings were made in frescoe technique.

India: Jogimara Cave, Sita Bengra Cave

Jogimara Cave, India
Jogimara Cave / Biospeleologist, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

Although India is a country of miracles and surprises, Jogimara Cave and Sita Bengra Cave is miracle even by Indian standards. Together with the nearby Sita Bengra cave it forms 2,300 years old performance stage - one of the oldest theatres in the world. Interior of Jogimara cave is covered with paintings and here is the oldest known love message in the world.