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Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque, Brunei
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque / Jim Trodel, Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0.

Main characteristics

Coordinates: 4.8895 N 114.9391 E
No:450        (list of all attractions)
Categories:Islamic shrines
Values:Art, Architecture
Rank:3
Address:Asia, Brunei, centre of Bandar Seri Begawan
Name in Malay:مسجد سلطان عمر علي سيف الدين (Jawi), Masjid Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin (Latin)
Age:1958
Religion:Islam

The best known landmark and symbol of Brunei is Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque. This elegant structure was constructed in 1958 and symbolises the rise of the Sultanate of Brunei and its religion - Islam.

History

Prosperity from oil industry

Sultans of Brunei introduced Islamic faith in their country in the 15th century and Islamic faith has created the unique Malay identity in this part of Borneo island. The power of sultans though declined due to internal conflicts and in the late 19th century British Empire took over the control of Brunei.

Oil was discovered in this small country (British protectorate) in the late 1920s and large scale oil extraction started in Brunei.

After World War II there was started ambitious program for the development of the economy in Brunei aimed at the decrease of the dependency from oil industry. This program was initiated and led by Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III - the 28th sultan of Brunei. Many aspects of this program failed - attempts to establish competitive craft industries and rubber production were not too successful, but nevertheless this program laid basis for the transformation of Brunei into modern state.

Soon after (in 1963) in Brunei were found additional reserves of oil and due to this other kinds of local industry were not competitive and for now it looks like Brunei will maintain its wealth for decades to come just by extracting the oil.

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque, Brunei
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque / Daniel Weiss, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0

Religious centre of the country

Among the other activities of the development program there was planned to develop the main religious centre of the country, thus facilitating the development of closer bond between the religion and state.

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III himelf initiated the construction of this new mosque - a structure of unseen size and ambition for Brunei.

Mosque was designed by Italian architect Cavaliere Rudolfo Nolli (1888 - 1963) who was well known in South East Asia already before this major work.

Materials for mosque were brought from all over the world - marble from Italy, granite - from China, chandeliers - from England, carpets from Saudi Arabia. During the construction many millions were spent and whole area in the centre of Bendar Seri Begawan was transformed beyond recognition.

Works were completed in 1958 and the result was very impressive: the enormous, white and unusual building became the main landmark in the capital of Brunei and soon after - its most popular tourist destination. This beautiful structure was named after Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III - builder of modern Brunei.

Description

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque, Brunei
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque / Romain Pontida, Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0.

Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque is one of the largest mosques in this part of the world. Its design was innovative for the Islamic world and at the same time it is traditional by uniting the influence of Mughal style and European - Italian Renaissance style.

The enormous building has large dome which is covered with golden plates. Marble minaret is the tallest structure - its height is 52 m and tourists can ascend it and enjoy the panorama of city.

Architecture of the new mosque did not end with the outer walls of structure. Vast area around the moque was reshaped: there was made artificial lagoon and mosque was places on peninsula of this lagoon. Garden with a regular planning was set around the mosque and large trees were replanted here.

Bridges were built to connect the mosque to different parts of the city. One bridge goes also to Kampong Ayer - unusual town built on stilts over the water.

In 1967 in front of the mosque in lagoon was built an interesting structure - stone replica of the 16th century Sultan Bolkiah Mahligai Barge. It was built to commemorate the 1,400th anniversary of Nuzul Al-Quran - the coming down of Quran. Now this unusual building forms a single architectural ensemble with mosque.

Map

See Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque on the map of Brunei!

Landmarks of Brunei

Kampong Ayer - town on stilts, Brunei
Kampong Ayer / e-chaya, Flickr, CC BY 2.0.

Most interesting landmarks in this small country are magnificent buildings from the second half of the 20th century, such as the world's (supposedly) largest palace and one of most impressive mosques.

Islamic shrines

Imam Reza Shrine, Iran
Imam Reza Shrine, Iran / lahsan, Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA-3.0

History of Islam starts in the early 7th century with the deeds of historical personality - prophet Muhammad (ca 570/571 - 632). Main activities of Muhammad took place in Mecca and Medina (Saudi Arabia) and their vicinities, where today are located most important Islamic sites.

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