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A-Ma Temple

Main characteristics

Coordinates: 22.1861 N 113.5312 E
No:480        (list of all attractions)
Categories:Other contemporary shrines, Buddhist shrines
Values:Art, Architecture
Rank:5
Address:Asia, China, Macau, south-west of Macau Peninsula, slope of Barra Hill
Name in Chinese:媽閣廟
Age:1488
Religion:Taoism, Buddhism
UNESCO World Heritage status:part of "Historic Centre of Macao", 2005, No.1110
A-Ma Temple, Macau
A-Ma Temple / Diego Delso, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0.

A-Ma Temple might be the oldest building in Macau - built before the city developed. Come here early in the morning - this is wonderful, peaceful retreat from the congested, hectic city of Macau.

History

As the fishing and trade along the coast of Southern China developed, numerous fishermen villages sprung up. One of them was built in the sheltered bay of Macau peninsula.

A-Ma Temple, Macau
A-Ma Temple / Edwin Lee, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.0.

Soon it became more and more important as a trade centre.

In 1488 (Ming dynasty) or even earlier here was built the temple to sea goddess A-Ma.

In the middle of the 16th century here appeared Portuguese traders. When they asked the name of this place, locals responded - "A-Ma-Gau" (Bay of A-Ma). Thus, most likely, originated the name of Macau.

During the long centuries temple was rebuilt and extended. Current planning was shaped in 1828. Temple has been depicted in numerous historical drawings and paintings.

Currently this is one of the most popular tourist sites in Macau, it is key site for Chinese Spring Festival.

Sea goddess

This temple united several local religions, including Taoism and Buddhism. It is dedicated to A-Ma (also Tin Hau, Matsu or Mazu) - goddess of seafarers and fishermen. This goddess is popular in South China. According to legends, she was a real person - a girl from Putian City (Fujian Province). She could predict future and according to legends, after her death she still helps the fisherman and traders.

Description

Temple consists of the five main parts:

  • Gate Pavilion
  • The Memorial Arch
  • The Prayer Hall - built from granite in 1605 and devoted to A-Ma
  • The Hall of Benevolence - the oldest part of the temple, built in 1488
  • The Hall of Guanyin
  • Zhengjiao Chanlin - Buddhist Pavilion

Map

See A-Ma Temple on the map of Macau!

 

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