Coordinates: 44.8001 S 167.7311 E
No:192        (list of all attractions)
Category:Waterfalls
Values:Geology, Visual
Rank:3
Address:Australia and Oceania, New Zealand, South Island, Southland, stream between Browne Lake and Doubtful Sound
Height:580 m, tallest drop - 270 m
Average width:27 m?
Sutherland Falls, New Zealand
Sutherland Falls.
Joel Krauska, Flickr. CC BY 2.0
Sutherland Falls, New Zealand
Sutherland Falls.
Fred Hsu, Flickr. CC BY 2.0
Lower cascade of Sutherland Falls, New Zealand
Lower cascade of Sutherland Falls.
Fred Hsu, Flickr. CC BY 2.0
Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland, 1888.
From Hero Stories of New Zealand, CC BY-SA 3.0

The most impressive falls in New Zealand are Sutherland Falls. Technically there are higher falls (836 m tall Browne Falls) or more powerful ones (Huka Falls) but Sutherland Falls provide the thrill - noise, quake of soil and magnificent sight. There are few waterfalls in the world which are more impressive.

Discovery of Donald Sutherland and John Mackay

First settler in the beautiful Milford Sound was adventurer, soldier and sailor Donald Sutherland. He looked for silent and calm life here and enjoyed walking in the beautiful valleys of Fiordland, looking for gold and greenstone.

One day arrived his old friend John Mackay and they both together went to explore unexplored valleys south-west from Milford Sound.

After walking for three days in November 10th 1880 they were the first white people to see the giant falls - the distant roar of falling water was heard already in the morning of the day. Both men were hugely impressed and considered that falls are more than one kilometer high. (1)

Surveyors came here in 1888 and measured the falls - they were "just" 580 m tall. Milford Track opened in the same year and first tourists came to see the falls. This has continued since then - falls are available by 3 km long track from Quintin Public Shelter at Milford Track.

Giant falls

Sutherland Falls originate from Lake Quill - comparatively large lake fed by glaciers around it. Arthur River leaves the lake and, after falling down along the Sutherland Falls, continues up to the Milford Sound.

The height of waterfall is that large that even the climatic zones change along it. Above, around the lake, are alpine meadows but after some seconds water rushes down in a temperate rainforest.

Falls have three cascades. Height of each step (from above) is: 229 m, 248 m, 103 m (2). Waterfall falls by 580 m over the horizontal distance of 480 m - thus the mean angle is 56°.

Average volume of water in it: 11 m³ per second, maximum recorded volume - 142 m³ per second, what still is 17 times less than in Niagara.

The force of the falling water creates constant winds and fog, making the base of falls constantly damp and dark. In dry weather though it is possible to go behind the last cascade. This is amazing experience - one gets wet instantly, winds are that fierce that it is hard to breathe.

Map

See Sutherland Falls on the map of New Zealand!

References

  1. James Cowan, Hero Stories of New Zealand, 1935. Accessed in 15th January 2011
  2. Bryan Swan & Dean Goss, World Waterfall Database, Sutherland Falls. Accessed in 15th January 2011

Creative Commons Non-Commercial Share Alike 3.0 15 January 2011 Gatis Pāvils

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