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Ochtinská Aragonite Cave

Main characteristics

Coordinates: 48.6644 N 20.3091 E
No:538        (list of all attractions)
Values:Visual, Geology
Address:Europe, Slovakia, Košice Region, some 26 km west from Rožňava (by road)
Name in Slovak:Ochtinská aragonitová jaskyňa
Alternate names:Ochtiná cave
UNESCO World Heritage status:part of "Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst", 1995 (extended in 2000), No.725
Length:˜ 300 m
Aragonite formations, Ochtinská Aragonite Cave in Slovakia
Aragonite formations, Ochtinská Aragonite Cave / Traveltipy, , CC BY 2.0

There are some caves in the world which are adorned with very unusual crystals formed from aragonite. The best known aragonite cave is Ochtinská Aragonite Cave in Slovakia. It is only some 300 m long but its beauty is admired by more than 30,000 visitors per year.

Aragonite cave

Ochtinská Aragonite Cave, Slovakia
Ochtinská Aragonite Cave / Traveltipy, / CC BY 2.0.

In Slovakia are known more than 4,250 caves (1). Many of these caves are beautiful but few are as unusual as Ochtinská Aragonite Cave. Walls of this cave are covered with unusual formations which seem to belong rather to the realm of plants or fungi but not stones. Here small, white needles and threads are forming countless small stars, hooked "nails", "hair tresses" or "tangled mops".

These weird cristals consist from aragonite: mineral with the same chemical content (calcium carbonate - CaCO³) as the more common calcite. Calcite forms massive crystals, but crystals of aragonite are similar to thin needles. Often these needles are not straight but curly as threads or hair.

Unusual show cave

Ochtinská Aragonite Cave was discovered in 1954 by Martin Cangár and Jiri Prosek during the search of iron ore. The cave had no natural entrances: it was found by digging through the ground.

Helictites in Ochtinská Aragonite Cave, Slovakia
Helictites in Ochtinská Aragonite Cave / Traveltipy, / CC BY 2.0.

In 1972 the cave was opened as a show cave and now there is built a special tourist facility at its entrance. After paying a fee tourists can enter 230 m far in the cave. Especially impressive is Milky Way Hall which is covered with clusters of aragonite needles which resemble stars in the sky.

Formation of the cave started some 780,000 years ago (2), when thermal waters started to solve a passage through Paleozoic limestone lens which is located between Devonian phyllites.

This is so called cryptokarst cave where some natural processes have brought in sediments and then these sediments were transported away - but there are no traces of underground river or entrances. Most likely the cave formed through small fissures.

Aragonite crystals in the cave are very diverse. The oldest have kidney-like forms. Much younger are anthodites (clusters of needle-formed crystals) and helictites - curving and even spiral crystals. These crystals have been growing in the cave up to recent times and are bright white.

Helictites in Ochtinská Aragonite Cave, Slovakia
Helictites in Ochtinská Aragonite Cave / Traveltipy, / CC BY 2.0.

Other aragonite caves

Although aragonite is not very rare mineral (it is found in all mollusc shells), aragonite crystals in caves are not too common. There are just a few caves in the world which are covered with aragonite crystals. Some smaller caves with interesting aragonite formations are located near the Ochtinská Aragonite Cave, but elsewhere in the world there exist also large caves which contain beautiful aragonite crystals. Some of these caves are:

  • Caverna da Torrinha (Brazil, Bahia);
  • Caverna El Templo (Argentina, Neuquén);
  • Caves in the West Camp of the Santa Eulalia (Mexico, Chihuahua);
  • Lechuguilla Cave (United States, New Mexico);
  • Pool of Cerberus in Jenolan Caves (Australia, New South Wales);
  • Stary Hrad (Slovakia, Žilina);
  • Zbrašov Aragonite Cave (Czech Republic, Olomouc);

Nevertheless Ochtinská Aragonite Cave if one of the most beautiful and most accessible aragonite caves.


See Ochtinská Aragonite Cave on the map of Slovakia!


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