As the fishing and trade along the coast of Southern China developed, numerous fishermen villages sprung up. One of them was built in the sheltered bay of Macau peninsula.
Soon it became more and more important as a trade centre.
In 1488 (Ming dynasty) or even earlier here was built the temple to sea goddess A-Ma.
In the middle of the 16th century here appeared Portuguese traders. When they asked the name of this place, locals responded – "A-Ma-Gau" (Bay of A-Ma). Thus, most likely, originated the name of Macau.
During the long centuries temple was rebuilt and extended. Current planning was shaped in 1828. Temple has been depicted in numerous historical drawings and paintings.
Currently this is one of the most popular tourist sites in Macau, it is key site for Chinese Spring Festival.
This temple united several local religions, including Taoism and Buddhism. It is dedicated to A-Ma (also Tin Hau, Matsu or Mazu) – goddess of seafarers and fishermen. This goddess is popular in South China. According to legends, she was a real person – a girl from Putian City (Fujian Province). She could predict future and according to legends, after her death she still helps the fisherman and traders.
Temple consists of the five main parts:
- Gate Pavilion
- The Memorial Arch
- The Prayer Hall – built from granite in 1605 and devoted to A-Ma
- The Hall of Benevolence – the oldest part of the temple, built in 1488
- The Hall of Guanyin
- Zhengjiao Chanlin – Buddhist Pavilion
A-Ma Temple on the map
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|Location, GPS coordinates:||22.1861 N 113.5312 E|
|Categories:||Other contemporary shrines, Buddhist shrines|
|Where is located?||Asia, China, Macau, south-west of Macau Peninsula, slope of Barra Hill|
|Name in Chinese:||媽閣廟|
|UNESCO World Heritage status:||part of "Historic Centre of Macao", 2005, No.1110|
Macau is the densest populated self-governed area in the world. This small territory is rich with architectural heritage. Most interesting landmarks here are historical buildings which blend Portuguese and Chinese traditions in art and architecture, but this rich city-state has interesting modern architecture as well.
Besides Christianism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism and Judaism there are many more existing religions in world. Many of these religions have very interesting shrines and temples, which are no less impressive and sophisticated than the temples of large religions.
The 450-year-old city of Macau – the former Portuguese colony returned to China in 1999 – is made for walking. Only seven miles square, one can easily walk from the Border Gate to the A-Ma Temple in a day. This guide describes nine walks around peninsular Macau and its outlying islands, sufficient to explore and understand this fascinating city and its unique blend of European and Asian architecture, cuisine and culture.