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A-Ma Temple

A-Ma Temple, Macau
A-Ma Temple / Diego Delso, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0.

WorldBlue  In short

A-Ma Temple might be the oldestA building in Macau – built before the city developed. One should come here early in the morning – this is wonderful, peaceful retreat from the congested, hectic city of Macau.

4 out of 10 stars 39.8%

GPS coordinates
22.1861 N 113.5312 E
Location, address
Asia, China, Macau, south-west of Macau Peninsula, slope of Barra Hill
Name in Chinese
媽閣廟
Age
1488
Religion
Taoism, Buddhism
UNESCO World Heritage status
Part of "Historic Centre of Macao", 2005, No. 1110

Map of the site

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WorldYellow In detail

History

As the fishing and trade along the coast of Southern China developed, numerous fishermen villages sprung up. One of them was built in the sheltered bay of Macau peninsula.

Soon it became more and more important as a trade center.

In 1488 (Ming dynasty) or even earlier here was built the temple to sea goddess A-Ma.

In the middle of the 16th century here appeared Portuguese traders. When they asked the name of this place, locals responded – "A-Ma-Gau" (Bay of A-Ma). Thus, most likely, originated the name of Macau.

During the long centuries temple was rebuilt and extended. Current planning was shaped in 1828. Temple has been depicted in numerous historical drawings and paintings.

Currently this is one of the most popular tourist sites in Macau, it is a key site for the Chinese Spring Festival.

A-Ma Temple, Macau
A-Ma Temple / Edwin Lee, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 2.0.

Sea goddess

This temple united several local religions, including Taoism and Buddhism. It is dedicated to A-Ma (also Tin Hau, Matsu or Mazu) – goddess of seafarers and fishermen. This goddess is popular in South China. According to legends, she was a real person – a girl from Putian City (Fujian Province). She could predict future and according to legends, after her death she still helps the fisherman and traders.

Description

Temple consists of the five main parts:

  • Gate Pavilion
  • The Memorial Arch
  • The Prayer Hall – built from granite in 1605 and devoted to A-Ma
  • The Hall of Benevolence – the oldest part of the temple, built in 1488
  • The Hall of Guanyin
  • Zhengjiao Chanlin – Buddhist Pavilion

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Explore Macau: A Walking Guide and History


The 450-year-old city of Macau – the former Portuguese colony that returned to China in 1999 – is made for walking. Only seven miles square, one can easily walk from the Border Gate to the A-Ma Temple in a day. This guide describes nine walks around peninsular Macau and its outlying islands, sufficient to explore and understand this fascinating city and its unique blend of European and Asian architecture, cuisine, and culture.

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