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Kalandula Falls

Kalendula waterfall is eroding the cliff. Could this fall really be 105 m tall?
Waterfall is eroding the cliff. Could this fall really be 105 m tall? / L.Willms, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

WorldBlue  In short

Kalandula Falls belong to the largest waterfalls of Africa. This waterfall is 410 m wide and (possibly) up to 105 m tall.

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GPS coordinates
9.0740 S 16.0005 E
Location, address
Africa, Angola, Malanje Province, east from Calandula
Name in Portuguese
Quedas de Kalandula
Alternate names
Calandula Falls, Duque de Bragança Falls, Dianzundu Falls
105 m (?)
410 m (580 m at floods)
Average annual flow
566 m3/s (1)

Map of the site

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WorldYellow In detail

Kalandula Falls, Angola
Kalandula Falls / Paulo César Santos, Wikimedia Commons / CC0 1.0

Falls have formed on Lucala river, the largest tributary of Kwanza.

The stream of this horseshoe shaped waterfall is divided into countless smaller trickles by the crevices and boulders at the rim of falls. As a result, Kalandula Falls have their own, very special beauty, they differ from any other large waterfall in the world. The stream is eroding the cliff, large boulders and smaller rubble often falls down together with water.

Tourist handbooks often mention that falls are 105 m (or a bit more) tall. In images, this waterfall though seems lower.

The eternal vapour of falls has sustained a small oasis of rainforest around the river. In the rainy periods (February to April) this waterfall is especially impressive – then the stream becomes powerful, falls are up to 580 m wide. Mist of falls then is seen from afar.

Although Kalandula Falls belong to the most spectacular falls of the world, there are no ticket offices, railings, souvenirs, and hordes of tourists.

Lucala river below Kalandula Falls, Angola
Lucala river below the falls / L.Willms, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

It has not been like this in earlier times – earlier here operated a hotel with carefully moved lawn up to the rim of falls. Before the independence of Angola in 1975 falls were named after the Duke of Braganza – one of the highest titles of Portuguese nobility.


  1. Kalandula Falls, World Waterfall Database. Accessed in 08.07.2013.

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Kalandula Falls / Paulo César Santos, Wikimedia Commons / CC0 1.0

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