Marae Arahurahu

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Marae Arahurahu, Tahiti
Marae Arahurahu, ahu / Rachel Roberts, / CC BY-SA 2.0

The reconstruction of the enormous Marae Arahurahu in 1953 has been a success – Tahiti obtained one more attractive destination of culture tourism and many tourists have learned here a lot about the Polynesian culture.

Since then many more archaeological sites have been restored in French Polynesia – some without the due regard to the original structure but many – with good skills and clear understanding about the meaning and structure of archaeological monument.

Marae

Marae are specific Polynesian cultural monuments – for most part rectangular, raised areas encircled with stone settings. Inside the rectangle is located a raised altar part (ahu), which is clad with stones.

These structures were used by Polynesians for ceremonial gatherings, such as religious rituals, important weddings, celebrations of military victories, enthronement of kings. The gods were worshiped in marae with offerings of food.

Marae Arahurahu in Tahiti, stone sculptures
Marae Arahurahu, stone sculptures / American, / CC BY-SA 3.0

Largest ceremonial complex in Tahiti

While there existed numerous marae of lower importance, marae Arahurahu belonged to the local king (arii) and served as a central gathering place of the whole small "nation" of this valley.

The area of this marae is approximately 500 m³ and it is the most impressive in the whole Tahiti island. The surrounding area is always well kept and resembles a parkland.

The ahu (altar part) of this structure rises 3 m high and is made of stones.

Marae, especially ahu, is adorned with interesting, bright red colored wooden sculptures (unu). These are representations of the ancestors of influential local families.

Marae Arahurahu, Tahiti
Marae Arahurahu / American, / CC BY-SA 3.0

Diverse trees were planted around the marae, thus turning this beautiful area into even more beautiful park, but also providing a shaded, mysterious feel to this monument.

Tiki

Two stone statues – guardians meet the visitors at the entrance in marae. These statues are not true archaeological monuments – they are replicas of tiki from Ra’ivavae Island in French Polynesia and were made in 1983.

Restoration

Marae was restored under the lead of the specialists of Bishop Museum in 1953. For this first restoration project they choose an ancient marae, which was comparatively close to Papeete, located in picturesque site, visually impressive and with high historical importance.

Cultural centre

Very soon – almost immediately – marae Arahurahu started to live its own life, rich with events and visitors. Each year in July here takes place the national Heiva festival, when Polynesian artists provide plenty of performances.

Marae Arahurahu, Tahiti
Marae Arahurahu, ahu / Rachel Roberts, / CC BY-SA 2.0

Often such festivities have little in common with the original meaning of the structure, for example, here is played theatre. Local people enjoy being here and come just for Sunday walk.

The site has informative signs which explain all the diverse details of this once important feature in the life of Polynesians.

Legend

In earlier times this marae was called Tu-Matamata-Hia. But there is a legend how the name of marae was changed to its present day name.

Once here took place a deadly fight between the warriors representing two local kings (arii) – Tu-Mata-ira and Tutu-Ai-Aro. The battle lasted until the sunset, when the warrior of Tu-Mata-ira was defeated, killed and his spear was broken into four pieces.

Tu-Mata-ira was in despair about the loss of his warrior. He ordered to make a large pit and made a fire there. When the fire heated the stones around it, with the pieces of broken spear the stones were spread in the pit and in the centre of the pit was placed the body of the slain hero.

One part of the broken spear were placed at the head of warrior and one – under his ankles. The two remaining parts were placed at each side of the body.

After the period of mourning the pyre was opened and the king declared that marae should be renamed to Arahurahu until the end of the time.

Many believe that the spirit (tupaupau) of slain hero still is lingering here.


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Marae Arahurahu -17.753795, -149.504176 Marae Arahurahu

Coordinates: 17.7538 S 149.5042 W
Categories: Prehistoric and ancient shrines, Megaliths, Sites of legends
Values: Archaeology, History, Visual
Rank: 6
Address: Australia and Oceania, Polynesia, French Polynesia, Windward Islands, Tahiti, Papara community in the south-west of island, in Papara village at the foot of mountains, in Tefa’aiti valley
Alternate name: Tu-Matamata-Hia (previous name)
Age: ?
Culture: Polynesians

Wonders of Windward Islands

Teahupoo wave, Tahiti
Teahupo’o wave, Tahiti / Claudio Toledo, / CC BY 2.0

Windward Islands, especially Tahiti, are some of the best known and most interesting Polynesian islands. There islands in a way represent the essence of Southern seas – with palms, rugged mountains, deep blue sea and friendly people.

Megaliths

Mnajdra, lower temple. Such structures were created long before Stonehenge and Egyptian pyramids
Mnajdra, lower temple. Such structures were created long before Stonehenge and Egyptian pyramids / steve deeves, , CC BY 2.0

One of the most fascinating groups of archaeological monuments are prehistoric structures made of stones – megaliths. Through the ages, people have loved to strain their minds to find a sensible explanation to the many riddles posed by megaliths.

Even today, we can admit with some pleasure, there are thousands of mysteries left for us.

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Unearthing the Polynesian Past


Perhaps no scholar has done more to reveal the ancient history of Polynesia than noted archaeologist Patrick Vinton Kirch. For close to fifty years he explored the Pacific, as his work took him to more than two dozen islands spread across the ocean, from Mussau to Hawai’i to Easter Island. In this lively memoir, rich with personal―and often amusing―anecdotes, Kirch relates his many adventures while doing fieldwork on remote islands.

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