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Sipi Falls

Sipi Falls, the First Fall (the last cascade)
Sipi Falls, the First Fall (the last cascade). / Dixon099, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

WorldBlue  In short

Well known natural wonder in the Eastern Uganda is Sipi Falls. This is a group of three impressive cascades on the Sipi River over a distance of some 2 kilometers.

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GPS coordinates
1.3381 N 34.3800 E
Location, address
Africa, Uganda, Eastern Region, Kapchorwa District, Amukol Parish
Lowest cascade: 95-99 m, middle cascade (Simba): 69 m, upper cascade (Ngasire): 87 m
3 – 7 m
Sipi River

Map of the site

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WorldYellow In detail

Sipi Falls have formed on the north-western slope of Mount Elgon. It is a giant, 4,321 m high, and extinct stratovolcano. There are known approximately 1000 waterfalls on the slopes of this prominent mountain.

Three cascades of Sipi Falls
Three cascades of Sipi Falls, Uganda. / Dave Lonsdale, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 2.0
Sipi Falls, middle cascade
Sipi Falls, middle cascade. / Dave Lonsdale, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 2.0

The three cascades have formed on the Sipi River and follow each other over a distance of some two kilometers.

The best known and the most impressive is the lower cascade (First Fall). It is a beautiful plunge of free-falling water over an overhanging cliff. This cascade is some 95 – 100 m tall – diverse authors give slightly different heights.

The middle cascade, also called Simba, is less tall – 69 – 74 m. In the upper part, it flows along a steep rock and then falls in a free fall over a rock overhang. Here the river is divided, forming two plunges. Nearby is a smaller cave.

The uppermost cascade – Ngasire – again is an impressive, vertical plunge, 87 m high. This is a less visited and beautiful sight. The stream with a small island is divided into two neighboring plunges.

Sipi Falls is a well-known touristic destination with guided tours that include agricultural experience as well – an introduction to the locally grown Bugisu Coffee and sep plant that, reportedly, gave its name to the falls. The hike to all three cascades is some 7 km long and highly rated due to its beauty. It is better to avoid the dry season of the year because there is little water in the falls.


  1. Peter Appel, Volker Schenk, Andreas Schumann. Sipi Falls, Uganda. Mission Africa Safaris. Accessed on 25th June 2022.

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