Thirunadhikkara Cave Temple

0
52
views
One of the earliest examples of Kerala style frescoes is located in rock-cut cave – Thirunadhikkara Cave Temple.

According to the legends, this rock-cut chamber was made in the 7th century AD by Jain ascetic named Veeranandi who came here from Thirunarunkondai Melappalli.

Cave is made in large, oblique wall of cliff and is ascended by a flight of some 60 stone-cut steps. Rock-cut temple itself is small, the facade has two columns and two pilasters. Nowadays, to prevent the vandalism, the entrance is closed behind bars.

Jains were here until around the 9th century AD when the cave was taken over by Hindu.

In the 9th – 10th c. AD cave was decorated with paintings. Hindu painters first sketched outlines and then colored powders were sprinkled.

Now only hazy outlines of once beautiful frescoes remain. Drawings are considered to represent perfect early example of typical Kerala (earlier this cave was located in Kerala) style which later has been applied in numerous temples and palaces. At the same time drawings resemble the famous drawings in Sittanavasal Cave.

Paintings illustrate scenes from the stories of the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Among the other figures here are seen Shiva, Parvati and Ganapathi. Technique of drawing resembles Buddhist tradition.

Cave contains 11 stone edicts, relating to Sadhaya festival of the Imperial Cholas in the 11th century AD. Here have been found also inscriptions on copper plates from the 9th century – back then here ruled Venad king.

Presiding deity of the temple is Thiru Nanthikeswarar. To the south there is located active temple built in later times.

Thirunadhikkara Cave Temple is included in the following list:

Cave paintings in India
Cave paintings in India

References

  1. A Cave and a Chronicle, The Hindu, 12 Nov. 2007. Accessed on May 12, 2010.

loading map - please wait...

Thirunadhikkara Cave Temple 8.398575, 77.297744 Thirunadhikkara Cave Temple
Coordinates: 8.3986 N 77.2977 E (mistake up to 1500 m)
Categories: Hindu shrines, Jain shrines, Rock cut temples and monasteries
Values: Art, Architecture, History, Archaeology
Rating: (2 / 5)
Address: Asia, India, Tamil Nadu, Kanyakumari District, near Thiruvattar
Alternate names: Thirunandikkara, Tirunandikara, Thirunanthikkara, Thirunanthikkarai
Age: the 7th – 8th century AD
Religion: Jain, Hindu

Landmarks of India

Key Gompa, India
Key Gompa / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0

India is seventh largest country of world by area, and, naturally such a large area contains huge amount of exciting attractions…

Wondermondo considers that India is the second richest centre of architectural heritage in the world after Europe and maybe no single country of the world can match it in this respect.

Hindu shrines

Sri Meenakshi Temple - gopuram
Sri Meenakshi Temple – gopuram / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Hinduism is one of the oldest religions – possibly the oldest one among contemporary religions and Hindu temples belong to most impressive religious buildings in the world.

Jain shrines

Palitana temple city, India
Palitana temple city, India / , Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Jainism originated in India around 840 BC and is well-known as a religion heralding respect and compassion to all living beings of the world and promoting non-violence and constant spiritual development.

Jain temples belong to the most ornate and most impressive buildings of world. In their construction there is used stone with intricate, refined carvings.

Recommended books

Indian Painting: From Cave Temples to the Colonial Period


From refined portraits of resplendent maharajas to earthy depictions of divine rogues cavorting with milkmaids, Indian miniature paintings depict the world as it should be: radiant, plentiful and passionate. These manuscript illustrations combine vibrant color with exquisite delicacy, offering immediate impact while also rewarding lengthy examination.

History of Tamil Nadu


Tamils have a long history starting from the pre-historic period. Retracing their history is facilitated by various sources. One-third of India’s epigraphical sources pertain to Tamil Nadu and one of the dynasties of Tamil Nadu – the Pandyas – had the privilege of continuous rule from third century B.C. to sixteenth century A.D. It is a unique accomplishment in the annals of history, since very few dynasties in the world have reigned for such a long time.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here