World 🢖 Africa 🢖 Egypt

Waterfalls 🢔 Geological wonders 🢔 Categories of wonders


Wadi El Rayan Falls

Wadi El Rayan Southern falls, Egypt
Wadi El Rayan Southern falls / Roland Unger, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

WorldBlue  In short

It is well possible that Wadi El Rayan Falls are the only waterfalls in Egypt. These falls were created by human activities some decades ago and since then have been turned into a popular local tourist destination.

4 out of 10 stars 40.3%

GPS coordinates
29.2147 N 30.4225 E
Location, address
Africa, Egypt, Faiyum Governorate, some 65 km southwest of Faiyum, between Wadi El Rayan Lakes
Name in Arabic
وادي الريان الشلال
Alternate names
Al Rayan Waterfall
10 m (both cascades)
6 – 10 m
Wadi El Rayan

Map of the site

Travelers' Map is loading...
If you see this after your page is loaded completely, leafletJS files are missing.

WorldYellow In detail

Artificial lakes

Waterfall has formed on some 7 km long stream which connects two lakes – Upper and Lower Wadi El Rayan lakes. Both lakes and the stream between them are located below sea level – Upper lake is 14 m below sea level but the Lower lake – 36 m below it.

These lakes were formed by human activity: there was a need to divert the excess agricultural drainage water from Faiyum oasis and it was decided that El Rayan depression would be suitable for this. Works were started in 1974 and there was built a system of water tunnels and channels.

Water at first reached the Upper lake but then a stream flew towards a deeper part of depression, forming there another lake. As the course of the stream was eroded, there were exposed natural rocks and waterfalls formed over them.

Wadi El Rayan upper falls, Egypt
Wadi El Rayan upper falls /Hatem Moushir, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

It is planned that the most impressive ones – lower falls – will disappear over the time, as the Lower lake will fill up.

The falls

There are several cascades on Wadi El Rayan stream. Most impressive ones are the lower falls – a system of two cascades, each divided by a large island, thus forming a group of four falls. Distance between the cascades is some 30 – 35 metres, the width of island dividing the cascades is 20 – 50 m. as these falls are close to the lake, there is an impressive view over the cascades towards the lake.

One more impressive cascade is some 700 m upstreams.

Falls have formed on limestone.

Falls, lakes and territory around them are a nature protected area. Here still live the rare rhim gazelles (Gazella leptoceros) as well as dorcas gazelles (Gazella dorcas).

Today whe falls are a beloved place for recreation such as sports fishing, hiking.


  1. Seif Camel, Egypt: Wadi El Rayan in the Fayoum of Egypt, Tour Egypt. Accessed in 02.12.2015.

WorldYellow Linked articles

Giza Pyramids at night

Wonders of Egypt

Egypt is home to many of the most important and impressive archaeological monuments in the world. Here, in the valley of Nile developed one of the first and greatest civilizations – Ancient Egypt (3150 – 332 BC), leaving countless larger and smaller monuments.

Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali

Wonders of Africa

Africa has many outstanding wonders and some of the most surprising ones are: the heritage of Egyptian civilization, vernicular architecture of Sahel region, tropical ecosystems, and others.

Virginia Falls, Canada


Some of the most fascinating and awe-inspiring natural monuments are waterfalls or locations where a river abruptly changes its elevation.

WorldYellow Recommended books

The Desert Fayum Reinvestigated

The Neolithic is thought to have arrived in Egypt via diffusion from an origin in southwest Asia, relatively late compared to neighboring locations. The authors suggest an alternative approach to understanding the development of food production in Egypt based on the results of new fieldwork in the Fayum.

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments