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Wonders of Lithuania

Vilnius Old Town
Old Town. / Sami C, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

WorldBlue  Highlights

The most interesting wonders of Lithuania are connected to human activities. In past Lithuania was one of the largest and most influential European countries and some landmarks still are a testimony for this. The most interesting landmarks of Lithuania are concentrated in its largest and most beautiful cities – Vilnius and Kaunas. Especially fine are the diverse churches.

Map with the described wonders

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WorldViolet Top 25 wonders of Lithuania

Archaeological wonders



The last pagan shrine of Balts, site of Skalvian fort. Pagan altar stood here until the 19th century. Site of legends.

View from Rambynas Hill

Architecture wonders

Trakai Island Castle


The most impressive and best preserved medieval castle in Lithuania. Present structure was constructed in the 14th century and completed by 1409. It was reconstructed and partly rebuilt in the 20th century and now is one of the major tourist sites in the country.

Trakai Island Castle, Lithuania
Hill of Crosses


Pilgrimage site where pilgrims since the 19th century leave wooden crosses. Now this small hill is covered with some 100,000 crosses. Site serves as a symbol of resistance because during the times of Soviet occupation there were attempts to remove it.

Hill of Crosses, Lithuania
Dominican Church of the Holy Spirit in Vilnius


One of major Baroque styled churches in Vilnius. Constructed in 1408 – 1760, numerous times expanding and reshaping it. Beautiful interior in Rococo style. Under the church are catacombs – numerous smaller crypts where are located some 600 corpses buried here in the 18th – 19th centuries.

Interior of the Dominican Church of the Holy Spirit in Vilnius
Church of St. Anne in Vilnius


Unusual, beautiful example of Brick Gothic that follows the style of Flamboyant Gothic style. Especially beautiful is the ornate façade of the church. Built in 1495 – 1500.

Church of St. Anne in Vilnius, Lithuania
St. Johns Church in Vilnius


Large and very ornate church in Baroque style, built in 1388 – 1426 and reshaped in current style in 1738 – 1748. Long term traditional church of intellectuals, university church. The 69 m tall tower is the tallest structure in the Old City.

House of Perkūnas


Residential building in Gothic style, an outstanding example of Brick Gothic architecture with ornate façade. Built in the middle of the 15th century.

House of Perkūnas
Aušros Vartai (Gate of Dawn)


The only remaining city gate in Vilnius, built in 1503 – 1522. Gate has religious importance as it contains artifact that had to guard the city from attacks – icon of The Blessed Virgin Mary with miraculous properties attributed to it.

Vilnius Cathedral


The main religious building in Lithuania. Although the religious buildings here have existed for a long time, the current Neo-Classical structure was built in 1779 – 1783. Inside the cathedral have been buried numerous important people including Vytautas. Cathedral contains major art values – frescoes, paintings, in one underground chapel found a fresco from the 14th century – the oldest one in Lithuania. Most likely it was built on the site of a pagan temple. In front of the cathedral stands a bell tower that was built over a defensive tower of the castle.

Pažaislis Monastery


The most beautiful example of Italian Baroque style in Lithuania. Founded in 1662, different structures were built until 1755. In the planning and construction were used numerous innovations, such as hexagonal planning for the church, concave façade. Church has beautiful interior.

Pažaislis Monastery
Vilnius Upper Castle (Gediminas Hill)


Remaining part of the extensive Vilnius Castle Complex (Lower Castle is newly rebuilt). Best known part of the castle is Gediminas Tower on the top of 40 m tall hill above the city. Beautiful views on the city from the tower.

Gediminas Tower in Vilnius
Church of St. Peter and St. Paul in Vilnius


Beautiful Baroque church with outstanding interior, adorned with some 2000 statues. Built in 1668 – 1701.

Church of St. Peter and St. Paul in Vilnius
Vilnius Old City


Extensive historical quarters of once important city – the center of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 13th – 18th centuries. Numerous impressive buildings in Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque style. One of the largest medieval old cities in Europe.

Street in Vilnius Old Town
Vytautas’ the Great Church in Kaunas


Large church in Brick Gothic style, built in 1400.

Vilnius University Library


One of the oldest and largest academic libraries in Europe, founded in 1570. Holds 5.4 million documents, shelves are 166 km long. Structure includes several beautiful reading halls that are adorned with frescoes.

Church of St. Casimir in Vilnius


Oldest Baroque church in Vilnius, built in 1604-1618. Church has a beautiful lantern.

Church of St. Casimir in Vilnius
Cathedral of the Theotokos in Vilnius


The oldest brick church in Lithuania, an Orthodox church that was built in 1348, in the times when Lithuania was still a pagan state. Rebuilt in 1609 and reshaped in Baroque style in 1785 and then again in 1865-1868, now in Georgian Orthodox style.

Church of St. Gertrude in Kaunas


Well preserved example of Brick Gothic style, most likely built in the 15th century.

Kaunas Town Hall


Beautiful historical building in Baroque style, with a 53 m tall tower. Its construction starting in 1542, in present Baroque form it was reshaped in in 1771 – 1775.

Kaunas Town Hall
Radziwiłł Palace in Vilnius


The only Renaissance palace in Vilnius, built in 1635 – 1653. Currently part of this large building serves as a museum.

Vilnius Kenesa


One of the last Karaite synagogues, an ornate building with onion dome. Built in 1911 – 1923.

Vilnius Kenesa
Trakai Kenesa


One of the few surviving Karaite synagogues in the world, a wooden structure built in the 18th century.

Nagliai villages


Several villages of Curonian people (now nearly extinct) buried under the sand dunes and thus – well preserved. Four villages were covered with the sand in 1675 – 1854.



Well preserved traditional village with planning unchanged since the 18th century. Located in isolated place in the middle of forest.

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