South Africa is extremely rich with unusual archaeological and natural monuments.
Provinces of South Africa
South Africa is divided into 9 provinces:
- Eastern Cape
- Free State
- North West
- Northern Cape
- Western Cape
South Africa has also one possession located 1,700 km to the south from the African coast: Prince Edward Islands.
Map with the described wonders
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Top 25 wonders of South Africa
Flat-topped mountain surrounded by steep cliffs, approximately 3 kilometers long. Its plateau is covered with aspectacular scrubland with some 2,200 species of plants representing the smallest floral kingdom of the world – the Cape floral kingdom. Numerous endemic species.
The second tallest waterfall in the world. Total height of 948 meters and the largest single drop of 411 meters, and a river width of 3-15 meters.
Blyde River Canyon
One of the most spectacular canyons of the world. Up to 1,400 meters deep, on average – 800 meters deep and 16 kilometers long. Swadini Buttress is the highest cliff of canyon – some 1000 metres high. Contrary to other largest canyons of the world Blyde River Canyon is covered with lush subtropical forest.
Amphitheatre in Drakensberg
One of the most impressive cliff faces on Earth. This enormous cliff is over 5 kilometers long and 1,220 meters high along its entire length, the highest part of the cliff is 1,830 meters high. 948 meters high Tugela Falls fall over Amphitheatre.
The oldest known caves in the world. These caves formed approximately 240 million years ago. As the inside of the cave is supplied with fresh air from an unknown source, caves were used as a shelter since ancient times.
Well preserved impact crater made by some 30 – 50 meters large bolid some 220,000 years ago. Astrobleme is 1.13 km in diameter and 100 m deep, the lake on the bottom has been used by people for salt collection over the last 100,000 years.
Here the Orange River falls 56 meters into a deep gorge. During a flood, this becomes one of the most powerful falls in world.
One of the most spectacular caves in South Africa, contains enormous cave chamber – 125 metres long and 154 meters wide. Most stalactites and up to 15 meters high stalagmite formations are still growing. Contained remnants of hominids.
The only natural inland freshwater lake in South Africa, 15 square kilometers large. Lake is regarded as holy by Venda people and considered to be enchanted. No one can approach the lake without the permission of local authorities. Numerous crocodiles live in the lake.
Unusual, 30 meters deep hole where disappears Mutale River, diving out again after some distance.
At least 283 metres deep sinkhole, filled with freshwater.
Granite outcrop that consists of rare and decorative variety – orbicular granite.
The richest site for early hominins in the world. Found remnants of some 500 hominins, mainly up to 2.3 million years old remnants of Australopithecus africanus. Here was discovered also the earliest species of humans – Homo gautengensis. There are ongoing longest continuously running fossil excavations in the world, starting in 1966. The cave contains a lake.
Hilly, arid terrain (48,500 ha), ground covered with quartz gravel. High level of endemism, 266 plant species are found only here. Especially interesting and diverse are the unique stoneplants – tiny succulents up to 10 cm high. Area of unusual beauty during the bloom of succulents.
Kirstenbosch Botanical Garden
This garden is located in a magnificent site at the eastern slopes of Table Mountain. Area – 528 ha – includes natural forest and fynbos, in cultivated part only indigenous plants are grown representing the unique and extremely rich plant kingdom of Cape.
The largest tree in South Africa. This giant Adansonia digitata has a circumference of 33.72 m and height – 22 m. The stoutest known baobab (Adansonia digitata) with a circumference of 33.72 m.
The largest stand of the unique Cape Afromontane forest. Area – approximately 285 ha. Restricted nature protection area. Contains numerous rare and endemic species.
Rising Star Cave
In this cave were found remains of extinct, other species of humans that have been named (preliminary) – Homo naledi.
Goegap Nature Reserve
Some of the most impressive flower carpets in the land of flowers – Namaqualand.
Largest cycad (Encephalartos transvenosus) forest in the world (530 ha), resembles a prehistoric world, area of unusual beauty. Some cycads reach the height of 12 – 12.2 meters. Closely linked to the history of local, legendary Rain Queens.
Ruins of an abandoned settlement on the top and at the base of a steep-sided hill. This settlement was a precursor to Great Zimbabwe. Important cultural center in 1075 – 1270 AD. Here has been found golden rhino and numerous other gold artifacts – testimony to existence of wealthy kingdom.
Game Pass Shelter rock art site
One of the most outstanding Ukhahlamba-Drakensberg petroglyph galleries. Contains drawings of eland – large antelope and people as well as a group of unique drawings – metaphoric depictions of shamanic practices. The site has opened a valuable insight into the ancient culture of San people.
Some 140 m long cave that contains a sediment layer that has documented local flora, fauna and human activities over 2 million years. This site may contain the remnants of the oldest controlled fire. Walls of the cave are adorned with rock art.
Castle of Good Hope
The oldest European building in South Africa. This impressive star fort was built in 1666 – 1679, replacing an older fort. Extensive restorations have turned the building into magnificent and impressive attraction.
Mapoch Ndebele Village (Mabhoko)
Great example of unique cultural tradition of Ndebele people. They were relocated out of Pretoria in the 1950s and the village started to develop in 1953. Architecturally unusual and visually pleasing adobe buildings and fences are covered with bright ornamental paintings.
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Everything about Africa that stirs the imagination is concentrated in its southernmost country. Lions freely roam vast game reserves such as Kruger National Park; vineyards stretch across the Cape Winelands, and mountains cascade into the sea along miles of beaches. In addition to dream safaris and romantic honeymoons, South Africa offers modern cities with thriving arts and dining scenes.