The powerful Kuribrong River has many waterfalls – below the Amaila Falls come Waiteur Falls (20 km downstream), Karowa Satowa Falls and Mona Falls (40 km), Embiparu Fall (80 km), Portage Falls (115 km). But the most impressive by far are Amaila Falls.
Here the immense power of water has carved a ridge in the hard sandstones of Roraima Formation. The mighty stream is collected in this ridge and then it suddenly falls into abyss. The mighty stream falls 60 m and thunders against giant blocks of sandstone and conglomerate.
Kuriboring River here has formed a shady, misty gorge. After the main falls the stream flows down along a steep slope. Over the distance of some 3.5 km the river drops for 365 m (including the falls).
Waterfall serves as a natural barrier for aquatic life – below the falls in the river live 52 species of fish, but above it – only 7.
In remembrance of Amelia
The rainforest around Kuribrong in this area is inhabited by Patamona people. It is very sparsely populated – in the 19th century this was an area of frequent skirmishes and as a result this region was depopulated.
The mighty waterfall is revered by locals – but it does not have such importance to them as the majestic Kaieteur 23 km to the south.
White people came here for diamonds and gold – but the presence of civilization is not much felt yet.
Waterfall got its current name in the late 19th century – it was named after a local girl Amelia, who disappeared in this forest.
Guyana is looking for a possibility to harness its powerful rivers and gain cheap energy. Country is very rich with beautiful waterfalls – thus many locals do not see it as a big loss if one of these falls is lost.
Research of the site started already in the 1970s – but the long bureaucratic fights and political faltering has delayed the project for decades.
Now the officials of Guyana seem to be serious about the project. The planned energy capacity of the power station is 165 MW, costs of the whole project – around 840 million USD.
There will be serious interference in the nature – the stream will be diverted, leaving the falls almost dry. Power transmission line will be built through the rainforest towards Georgetown and nearby mines, roads will be constructed.
Well, who are we, Europeans to criticise Guyana – we should look first what’s left of pristine nature in Europe. But – it’s a pity anyway.
Kaieteur Falls are included in the following lists:
- Amaila Hydropower ESIA Update. January 2011. Accessed on 2 April 2012
- Maurice Veecock, Presentation on Amaila Hydroelectric Reservoir Capacity. Accessed on 1 April 2012
|Coordinates:||5.3725 N 59.5463 W|
|Address:||South America, Guyana, Potaro-Siparuni, Kuribrong River below the confluence with Amaila River (left bank tributary)|
|Alternate names:||Amalia Falls|
|Height:||˜ 60 m|
|Width:||˜ 45 m|
|Volume:||64 m³ / s|
In future Guyana may bring many positive surprises – this country is little explored and may hide unique natural monuments unknown to the people. For most part Guyana consists of unspoilt nature – wast expanses of tropical forests, savannah, mountains.
Some of the most fascinating and awe inspiring natural monuments are waterfalls, or locations where a river abruptly changes its elevation.
Navigators Travel to Guyana is the follow up to Navigators Travel to Barbados written by Howard Liverpool. This time our intrepid explorers travel to Guyana and learn about the history and geography of the country. They also sample some of the local cuisine and have a scary encounter with a ram sheep.
From the Rocky Mountains to the Great barrier Reef and everything in between, Natural Wonders of the World combines breathtaking landscape photography and illustrations with 3-D terrain models and other explanatory artworks to reveal what lies beneath the surface and explain the geological processes to show how the features were formed. Plants and animals that inhabit each environment are also included, making Natural Wonders of the World a complete celebration of our world.