Barangay Alegria Toog

The tallest known Philippine Rosewood (Petersianthus quadrialatus) or toog tree grows in Mindanao Island, at San Francisco town. It is 54 meters tall.

Rare tropical tree

This enormous tree is attracting the attention of travelers for many years. Coconut palms next to it look almost as low as grass. It seems that this toog tree still remembers the dense jungle of Mindanao around it.

Rosewood, unfortunately, is disappearing from the Philippines – its wood is very hard, valuable and well usable for construction, paper making, plywood. It bears also edible fruits: there is a legend that the fruits are produced only after the tree is struck by lightning. Often the remaining rosewood trees in Mindanao are towering high above other trees.

Exaggerated height

The measurements of this tree have caused some misunderstandings, largely exaggerating the height of the tree and putting it in the league of the world’s tallest trees. Thus, in 1980 the Alegria Toog was measured by the Reservation and Conservation Foundation of the Philippines and then its announced height was 87.8 m (288 feet).

In autumn 2010 the people of Alegria decided to organize an extravagant event – to have the highest Christmas tree in the Philippines. In order to record this achievement, there was needed exact measurement. Manobo man named Gil Andipa climbed the tree and it was announced that the measured height of the tree is 96.9 m (1). There is a possibility that the decoration on the top of the tree was included in its height.

Local Manobo people believe in spirits of this tree and with a special tradition asked for a permit to use it as Christmas tree.

With a help of skilled tree climbers the tree was adorned with 3,750 bulbs. Unfortunately, the rain did damage – part of bulbs blew out. But we all know: the most beautiful part of the festivity is the process of decorating the Christmas tree!

Christmas event turned the attention of local people to this tree.

Protection of the tree

The tree was endangered in 2019: the Department of Environment and Natural Resources marked it for cutting to avoid the potential danger to the motorists. The tree grows at the road and it is starting to lean because of the decay in its lower trunk. Nevertheless, in September 2019 the local officials and environmental authorities agreed that this giant tree needs to be saved and protected. It is in a danger to collapse but environmental enthusiasts agree that something needs to be done to prevent it, e.g. added support to the leaning giant (2).


  1. Jojie Alcantara, Majestic Toog: Philippine’s Tallest Living Christmas Tree, PBase. Story with many pictures! Accessed on September 17, 2010.
  2. Chris Panganiban, PH’s oldest, tallest tree spared from cutting, Published in September 14, 2019. Accessed on December 4, 2019.

Barangay Alegria Toog on the map

Travelers' Map is loading...
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Location, GPS coordinates: 8.5040 N 125.9892 E (possible mistake up to 1 km)
Categories: Trees
Values: Biology, Visual
Rating: 2.5 out of 5 stars (2.5 / 5)
Where is located? Asia, Philippines, Mindanao, Agusan del Sur, Alegria, eastern outskirts of San Francisco town, next to national highway
Species: Philippine rosewood (Petersianthus quadrialatus Merr.)
Height: 54 m
Diameter: 3.66 m at the base

Video of Barangay Alegria Toog

pinoy_droner, August 2018

Landmarks of Philippines

Chocolate Hills in Bohol, Philippines
Chocolate Hills in Bohol / Kleo Marlo Sialongo, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0
The charming Philippines in many respects represent the true Southern tropical paradise. This archipelago consists of thousands of diverse islands and the wealth and diversity of the countless landmarks here is hard to grasp.


Árbol del Tule, another aspect of trunk which shows that the trunk has elongated form
Árbol del Tule, another aspect of trunk which shows that the trunk has elongated form / cezzie901, / CC BY 2.0
Category includes some of the most impressive and interesting separate trees of the the world. Total number of tree species in the world still is a wild guess – may be 10,000 and may be 100,000 but most likely somewhere in between. Every month there are reported new tree species from the whole world, including the Western Europe.

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