Barangay Alegria Toog

WorldBlue  In short

The tallest known Philippine Rosewood (Petersianthus quadrialatus) or toog tree grows in Mindanao Island, at San Francisco town. It is 54 meters tall.

3.8 out of 10 stars 37.8%

GPS coordinates
8.5040 N 125.9892 E (possible mistake up to 1 km)
Location, address
Asia, Philippines, Mindanao, Agusan del Sur, Alegria, eastern outskirts of San Francisco town, next to national highway
Philippine rosewood (Petersianthus quadrialatus Merr.)
54 m
3.66 m at the base

Map of the site

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WorldYellow In detail

Rare tropical tree

This enormous tree is attracting the attention of travelers for many years. Coconut palms next to it look almost as low as grass. It seems that this toog tree still remembers the dense jungle of Mindanao around it.

Rosewood, unfortunately, is disappearing from the Philippines – its wood is very hard, valuable, and well usable for construction, paper making, plywood. It bears also edible fruits: there is a legend that the fruits are produced only after the tree is struck by lightning. Often the remaining rosewood trees in Mindanao are towering high above other trees.

Exaggerated height

The measurements of this tree have caused some misunderstandings, largely exaggerating the height of the tree and putting it in the league of the world’s tallest trees. Thus, in 1980 the Alegria Toog was measured by the Reservation and Conservation Foundation of the Philippines and then its announced height was 87.8 m (288 feet).

In autumn 2010 the people of Alegria decided to organize an extravagant event – to have the highest Christmas tree in the Philippines. In order to record this achievement, there were needed exact measurements. A Manobo man named Gil Andipa climbed the tree and it was announced that the measured height of the tree is 96.9 m (1). There is a possibility that the decoration on the top of the tree was included in its height.

Local Manobo people believe in the spirits of this tree and with a special tradition asked for a permit to use it as a Christmas tree.

With a help of skilled tree climbers the tree was adorned with 3,750 bulbs. Unfortunately, the rain did the damage – part of the bulbs blew out. But we all know: the most beautiful part of the festivity is the process of decorating the Christmas tree!

Christmas event turned the attention of local people to this tree.

Protection of the tree

The tree was endangered in 2019: the Department of Environment and Natural Resources marked it for cutting to avoid the potential danger to the motorists. The tree grows at the road and it is starting to lean because of the decay in its lower trunk. Nevertheless, in September 2019 the local officials and environmental authorities agreed that this giant tree needs to be saved and protected. It is in a danger to collapse but environmental enthusiasts agree that something needs to be done to prevent it, e.g. added support to the leaning giant (2).


  1. Jojie Alcantara, Majestic Toog: Philippine’s Tallest Living Christmas Tree, PBase. Story with many pictures! Accessed on September 17, 2010.
  2. Chris Panganiban, PH’s oldest, tallest tree spared from cutting, Inquirer.net. Published in September 14, 2019. Accessed on December 4, 2019.

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