Sistema Zacatón is area with incredible characteristics unparalleled in the world. In total area contains some 20 unusual features – sinkholes, caves, springs created by deep groundwater heated by volcanic processes. Karstification processes here continue today as well – acidic groundwater continues to strip away the limestone and deposits it in unusual travertine formations.
Caverna Travertina is the southernmost feature in Sistema Zacatón, located 2.3 km south from the most prominent sinkhole – El Zacatón. Here from limestone cliffs appears powerful stream of beautiful blue color. Spring comes out of a small cavern lined with unusual travertine formations. Especially impressive is the ceiling of the cave with enormous lobes of travertine hanging down.
Numerous turtles are living in the cave.
- Marcus Gary, Caverna Travertina, Sistema Zacatón, research homepage. Accessed on June 27, 2010
|Coordinates:||22.9728 N 98.1602 W|
|Values:||Geology, Biology, Visual|
|Address:||North America, Mexico, Tamaulipas, southern part of the state, 10 km north-west from Aldama town|
Few countries of the world can offer such array of unique and astounding attractions as Mexico.
Area of this country was cradle of several highly developed indigenous civilizations and some regions in the country are dotted with remnants of ancient cities with temples, palaces and pyramids.
Every year there are reported exciting discoveries of new caves and discoveries of new qualities such as cave paintings in the ones known before. But there still is a feeling that our knowledge covers just a small part of all these monuments of nature.
Though, those which we know offer a surprising diversity of unusual features and impressive sights.
This book illustrates the diversity of hypogene speleogenetic processes and void-conduit patterns depending on variations of the geological environments by presenting regional and cave-specific case studies. The cases include both well-known and newly recognized hypogene karst regions and caves of the world. They all focus on geological, hydrogeological, geodynamical and evolutionary contexts of hypogene speleogenesis.
The Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science contains 350 alphabetically arranged entries. The topics include cave and karst geoscience, cave archaeology and human use of caves, art in caves, hydrology and groundwater, cave and karst history, and conservation and management. The Encyclopedia is extensively illustrated with photographs, maps, diagrams, and tables, and has thematic content lists and a comprehensive index to facilitate searching and browsing.