Tallest tree species
There are little doubts that coast redwood is the tallest tree species on Earth now. This might be lucky (for coast redwood) coincidence – in recent past there were coast Douglas firs (in United States and Canada) and eucalypti (in Australia) of comparable height and possibly higher, but these trees were ruthlessly cut. Nowadays there are known many hundreds of coast redwoods exceeding the height of 100 m… and no trees of other species exceeding this height.
Year 2006 was lucky – there were discovered three trees taller than the former world record holder – Stratosphere Giant (113.11 m tall in late 2009). The most successful find was in August 25 when naturalists Chris Atkins and Michael Taylor found the first known living tree on Earth exceeding 115 m height – its height then was 115.72 m. Hyperion is in good shape and seems still to be growing up although measurements from 2015 are slightly less impressive – height is 115.66 m and diameter – 4.63 m (2).
Traditionally the exact locations of this and many other tall trees in Western United States are not diclosed. This is done to avoid the temptation to "develop" this part of national park or simply – to prevent disturbance to the forest by the crowds of excited nature lovers wading towards the tree. It is only known that it takes arduous walk to reach this remote location in Redwood National Park.
Although part of the scientific community is not happy with this stance (location of the tree is not disclosed even in scientific publications), there are many sad cases when sensitive information from deeply scientific publications easily becomes VERY public. But, of course, heated debates about ethics in science and personal intrigues form the prosaic side in the lives of scientists. The magnificent Hyperion stands tall above this.
There exist taller trees
Until 2013 there were few traces of human activity around the (then) world’s tallest known tree. But on the visit from the 2015 there was noticed that more people have found this tree. Thus, step by step this valuable information is seeping through and people manage to find The Tree.
It is known that in 2013 there was discovered even taller coast redwood and later – more taller. Height of record trees is approaching 119 m!!! But currently these trees are not announced to the public (2). Interesting fact is that these trees were not "noticed" by the LiDAR equipment – although measurements were made in these locations. Discovery was made with other, unannounced methods.
Hyperion is included in the following list:
|Coordinates:||41.2050 N 124.02 W (approximately, exact location not shown)|
|Categories:||Trees, Biological extremes|
|Address:||North America, United States, California, Humboldt County, Redwood National Park. Exact location not disclosed.|
|UNESCO World Heritage status:||Part of "Redwood National and State Parks", 1980, No.134.|
|Species:||Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl.)|
|Height:||115.66 m (2015)|
|Diameter:||4.63 m (2015)|
Although California is one of states in the United States of America, Americans often compare it to a separate country, e.g. “if California would be a country, it would have the eighth largest economy in the world”. We can go on with this comparison – California has more landmarks and attractions than many large countries of the world.
Category includes some of the most impressive and interesting separate trees of the the world. Total number of tree species in the world still is a wild guess – may be 10,000 and may be 100,000 but most likely somewhere in between. Every month there are reported new tree species from the whole world, including the Western Europe.
Portrays the anatomy and growth of the redwood, describes the plants and animals that share its habitat, and looks at the history of redwood logging.
Coast Redwood is the first contemporary illustrated book to focus exclusively on the natural and cultural history of the world’s tallest tree. This handsome volume, updated and revised in 2011, contains 230 color images and 100 black and white historic photos and describes the origins, distribution, life history, ecology, and wildlife associated with coast redwood.