Little known and seldom visited natural wonder of Siberia is Kalarskiy Geyser. Most likely, this is not a true geyser but cold water geyser, powered by gases.
Name in Russian
Map of the site
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Kalarskiy geyser is located in a beautiful, pristine, and mountainous area of Zabaykalsky Krai. In this part of Siberia recently, some 2 thousand years ago (in geology is just a moment ago). As a result up to this day, there are hot springs and interesting travertine formations – even travertine terraces.
This area was well known by the local Evenk people. Holes of heated water they call “eimnakhs”.
Scientist of Chita Institute of Natural Resources Fedor M. Stupak heard from Evenks about natural spas of thermal waters in this region in the 1980ies. Locals told that some of the springs even create natural fountains. F. Stupak was the first scientist who managed to reach this remote area and found the geothermal field in 1983.
Here the left bank of the Eimnakh stream over the distance of some 700 m consists of travertine and near the stream flow numerous thermal springs. In some places can be felt the smell of hydrogen sulfide.
Two of these thermal springs are especially interesting:
- A natural travertine bath on the top of a natural pedestal. This small basin is some 0.5 m deep, 0.5 by 1 m large, and is filled with 18 °C warm water. The water all the time is pouring over the rims of this bath.
- Some 100 meters from this unusual spring is one that is even more unusual. Right in the stream, there is some 20 cm tall travertine cone. In the upper part of the cone are four openings where every few seconds gushes mineralized, hot water. These natural fountains rise some 0.2 – 0.5 m high. Water is mineralized and contains salt, silicic acid, and other substances.
The largest country in the world, Russia, is associated in the minds of many people with the onion domes of Orthodox churches and the massive walls of the Moscow Kremlin. But besides the unique architecture, Russia offers many more unusual and exciting attractions.
Powerful natural freshwater springs belong to the most fascinating monuments of nature. Even more exciting is the diversity of unusual springs – mineral springs, hot springs, submarine springs as well as the unusual black smokers. Especially beautiful are such natural rarities as travertine, silica, or salt terraces created by warm and hot springs and, especially, geysers.
This category includes very diverse landmarks that have one thing in common: all of them are created by springs that are depositing chemical sediments – silica, carbonates, salt, or other chemical compounds.
In the 1860s, the Russian-American Telegraph Company set out to telegraphically connect the United States and Europe using lines running through the Bering Strait and Siberia. The failed expedition marked one of the first explorations of the vast Siberian wilderness, and George Kennan’s tale of a seemingly endless land filled with wildlife and nomadic tribes is as entertaining today as it was 140 years ago.