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Kenn Yew

Kenn Yew
Kenn Yew. / David Gearing, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 2.0

WorldBlue  In short

One of the largest and most ancient yew trees in Britain is Kenn Yew, a tree giant that has a circumference of 10.56 m and is more than 1,500 years old.

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GPS coordinates
50.6608 N 3.5263 W
Location, address
Europe, United Kingdom, England, Devon, district of Teignbridge, Kenn, south-east from St. Andrew Church of Kenn
Species
European Yew (Taxus baccata L.)
Circumference
10.56 m (1999, at the ground)
Height
around 15 m
Age
More than 1500 years

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WorldYellow In detail

Kenn Yew at the St. Andrew Church
Kenn Yew at the St. Andrew Church. / Simon Cobb, Wikimedia Commons / public domain

Churches and yew trees

Most of the yew trees were eliminated in Britain during the 13th-15th centuries to obtain the sturdy wood that was used for weaponry, such as longbows.

Nevertheless, the yew trees in churchyards were spared. It is possible that superstitions helped in this: for example, there was a belief that the roots of these trees grow through the eyes of the deceased in church graveyards, thus preventing the dead from the return to the world of the living. So, who would want to unleash these apparitions?

Kenn Yew, like almost all the giant yews of Britain, is next to a church – here it is the Parish Church of St Andrew at Kenn. Or, rather, this church was constructed at the Kenn Yew, because the tree is much older than the church. The first church there was built before the middle of the 12th century, but the current church was built mainly in the second half of the 19th century in a Neo-Gothic style with parts from the 14th-century church included.

There is a possibility that Kenn Yew was a part of a pre-Christian shrine and the church was built there due to this.

Description of Kenn Yew

The trunk of this male tree (yews are dioecious, e.g. they have gender) becomes thicker with height, dividing into several trunks. Thus its circumference is measured on the ground level.

This is Britain – the natural landmarks there were noticed and measured already during the 19th century. In 1840 the circumference of the tree was 10.11 m – then it was measured some 40-50 cm above the ground.

In 2015 the measured thickness of the trunk was even larger: 11.67 m.

The trunk almost immediately divides into two parts and it has a huge hollow. The tree is healthy and we can hope that this fantastic tree will increase in size in the future as well.

Due to the enormous hollow in the middle it is almost impossible to tell the age of the tree. But it exceeds 1000 years and, most likely, is closer to 2000 years of age.

References

  1. Sophie Nadeau, This Churchyard in Devon is home to one of the oldest Yew Trees in Britain, Escape to Britain. Accessed on November 19, 2022.
  2. Yew/Yews at Kenn England, Ancient Yew Group. Accessed on November 19, 2022.

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