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Ngonye Falls (N’Gonye)

Ngonye Falls
Ngonye Falls. / Anayawa Nyambe, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

WorldBlue  In short

An enormous and rather little-known waterfall is Ngonye Falls on the mighty Zambezi River. This is an 8-20 m high waterfall – a complex system of smaller falls divided by numerous islands over the width of some 1.3 kilometers.

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GPS coordinates
16.6510 S 23.5711 E
Location, address
Africa, Zimbabwe, Matabeleland North and Zambia, Western Province, border of Sioma and Senanga Districts, on the Zambezi river
Alternate names
N’Gonye Falls, Sioma Falls
Height
Approximately 8-20 m
Width
Around 1,300 m
Flow rate
963 m3/s
Stream
Zambezi River

Map of the site

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WorldYellow In detail

Ngonye Falls
Ngonye Falls, 1964. / Michael Jefferies, Flickr / CC BY-NC 2.0

Ngonye Falls is the second-largest waterfall on the Zambezi River. It is 370 – 340 km above the much more famous Victoria Falls.

Above the falls Zambezi River flows through a sand layer of the Kalahari desert and is up to 900 m wide. As it reaches the falls, the river divides into multiple smaller streams that are divided by numerous islands. Among these islands have formed multiple smaller waterfalls. The width of the main front of these waterfalls is some 1,300 m.

In some locations visitors can stand on the massive plates of basalt and feel the force of water – the mighty stream has gnawed under the stone and the plate is trembling.

Below the first fall, the streams meet each other and drop again over smaller falls until they form a single Zambezi river again. Below the Ngonye Falls river is just some 70 m wide – the mighty stream here has been squeezed into a canyon, that has been cut into a dyke of Karoo basalt.

The first, most impressive “front” of falls is some 8-10 m high. Several smaller steps follow after this fall, bringing the whole height of the waterfall to some 20 m, but this height comes over a distance of several hundreds of meters.

The best time to see the falls is around June – July. Later until November, the stream becomes weaker. In April the flow rate is the highest, but the comparatively low falls then become less prominent.

On the left (western) part of the river a power plant is under construction.

References

  1. Avijit Gupta. Large Rivers: Geomorphology and Management. Wiley-Blackwell, 2022. ASIN: ‎B09WTLJ99J

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