Wonder

Syri i Kalter (Blue Eye)

Syri i Kalter, Albania
Syri i Kalter / Alessandro Giangiulio, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

WorldBlue  In short

The cold springs in general are not the most popular tourist destinations but Syri i Kalter in Albania is an exception. This enormous spring has such an amazing play of colors that one can look and think – am I really seeing this or dreaming?

4.5 out of 10 stars 44.8%

GPS coordinates
39.9237 N 20.1925 E
Location, address
Europe, Albania, Vlorë county, some 20 km to the east from Sarandë, near Muzinë
Name in Albanian
Syri i Kaltër (Blue Eye)
Alternate name
Azure Eye
Average discharge
6 000 l/s
Maximum discharge
18 400 l/s
Temperature of water
12,75° C
Depth
More than 50 m

Map of the site

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WorldYellow In detail

A small bit about the geology

Syri i Kalter is one of the most powerful springs in South-Eastern Europe – a region that has some of the most impressive and diverse springs in the world.

This huge spring formed in Mali Gjere karst massif, on a tectonic fault (fracture of Earth’s crust) between Mesozoic – Paleogene carbonates and Tertiary flysch. Spring flows through a layer of Triassic gypsum and anhydrites.

This is so-called Vauclusian spring (named after the magnificent French Vaucluse Spring) – ascending spring that comes out from a deep, almost vertical cave.

Springs serve as a source of the 25 km long Bistricë river.

Some numbers

This stream is formed by the powerful Syri i Kaltër, Albania
This stream is formed by the powerful Syri i Kaltër / ImogenX, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
  • Depth. Actual depth is not known. Divers have reached the depth of 45 – 50 m (different numbers are named) but have not reached the bottom. Such diving is dangerous – the stream is very powerful and one has to struggle against it in order to get deeper.
  • Discharge. Average discharge of this spring is 6 000 l/s. Whole group of local springs (there are numerous smaller springs around) has a discharge of 11 000 l/s. At high water this spring has reached the discharge of 18 400 l/s.
  • Temperature. Water comes from great depth and its temperature is stable. Average temperature is 12,75° C and it fluctuates only per 0.15° C.

Name and legends

Looking into the eye of Syri i Kaltër, Albania
Looking into the eye of Syri i Kaltër / Peter Boer, Flickr / CC BY 2.0

Once upon a time there lived a nasty dragon. Or maybe not, but at least local legends tell that he lived here. He did the usual things that dragons love to do (at least the dragons of old Europe) like terrorized local people, burned the cornfields, took away the water, and, of course, kidnapped the girls.

According to some versions of legends the dragon was defeated by a clever farmer. He burned the dragon by feeding to him a mule with firewood and cinder which was incinerated as the dragon breathed his flame.

As the dragon died, his eye turned into a powerful, beautiful spring. The evil was turned into a blessing.

Eye of the nature

The spring looks like an unusual eye indeed. The pupil of the eye is the central part of spring which is very deep and has an impressive deep blue color. It is surrounded by "iris" – shallow, light blue colored limestone bed of the lake.

The clear, lucid water rises with such speed that there is a bulge over the lake. In fact, some visitors throw stones in the spring and then admire the power of the stream which rises the stones upwards. This practice is not advisable – sooner or later stones might disfigure the beauty of the spring.

Some Albanians consider that this spring has some supernatural properties. Thus, according to locals, weird things happened in October 2002, when the spring suddenly dried out. It happened during the conversations of Italian and local businesses about the possibilities to obtain clean groundwater from the vicinities of the spring. There indeed exists a project to harness spring water from the vicinities of Syri i Kalter and transfer it through a pipeline to Italy.

Tourist trap

Before the mass tourism this had to be a gorgeous place – secluded in a mountainous valley, with fairy tale forest of ancient oaks, hazelnut, cherries, and a multitude of trees around.

In the times of communist dictatorship the site was off-limits to the general population. Only leaders of the Communist Party could visit it.

Now the times have changed. If one wants to avoid the crowd, he should come here early. In the summer months, there should be paid an entrance fee. Near the spring has been built a restaurant – pleasant for visitors but at the same time hopelessly destroying the feel of nature’s sanctity.

Nevertheless this is a gorgeous place, an unusual wonder of nature.

References
  1. R.Eftimi, S.Amataj, J.Zoto. Groundwater circulation in two transboundary carbonate aquifers of Albania; their vulnerability and protection. Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping: IAH-Selected Papers. Accessed on November 28, 2015.
  2. Zoran Stevanovič, Romeo Eftimi. Karstic sources of water supply for large consumers in Southeastern Europe – sustainability, disputes, and advantages. Accessed on November 28, 2015.

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