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Uralteiche in Ivenack

Uralteiche - the largest oak tree in Ivenack
Uralteiche – the most magnificent oak-tree. / Marlis Börger, Flickr / CC BY-ND 2.0

WorldBlue  In short

The most magnificent tree in Germany could be Uralteiche in Ivenack – a beautiful oak-tree in the historical forests near Ivenack palace.

4.5 out of 10 stars 45.3%

GPS coordinates
53.7159 N 12.9492 E
Location, address
Europe, Germany, Mecklenburg – Western Pomerania, Mecklenburgische Seenplatte district, Ivenack, central part of “Ivenacker Eichen” natural monument or Ivenacker Tiergarten
Alternate names
Ringeiche, Starkeiche, Starkste Ecke im Ivenack, often – Grosse Eiche Ivenack and Tausendjährige Ecke Ivenack
English oak (Quercus robur L.)
11.7 m at the height of 1.3 m (June 2022)
32 m (June 2022)
possibly – 850 years

Map of the site

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WorldYellow In detail

The most magnificent oak-tree of the world could be the Uralteiche in Ivenack – a gorgeous, lively tree with a circumference of 11.7 m (at 1.3 m height) and height of 32 m. There exist oak-trees with larger circumference and higher oak-trees, but Uralteiche unites extreme thickness, height and vitality.


Uralteiche in Ivenack in its full height of 32 meters, 2021
Uralteiche in Ivenack in its full height of 32 meters, 2021. / Quaster64, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

This tree-giant is located in a wonderful, ancient man-made forest – the 75 ha large “Ivenacker Eichen” natural monument, known also as Ivenack Tiergarten.

Visitors should pay an entrance fee and then can enter this beautiful forest where a herd of some 80 – 100 European fallow deer can be met.

Uralteiche is the largest of the local six giant oak-trees. Sometimes these trees are called “1000 jährigen Ivenacker Eichen” – “1000 years old Ivenack oak-trees”. This name is not correct as the largest trees are younger, some 500-850 years old.

Uralteiche has been well known and the oldest known measurement of its trunk was done in 1857, when its circumference was 9.92 m (2.). The tree exceeded the circumference of 10 m in the late 19th century and 11 m – around 1994. Thus, it seems, since the 1990ies the tree grows faster.

The other five giant oak-trees in Ivenacker Tiergarten are:

  • Knusteiche – 9.4 m circumference and a height of 29 m (June 2022). This also is a magnificent tree with massive trunk that maintains its circumference to great heights.
  • Pferdekopfeiche – 8.95 m circumference and a height of 23 m (June 2016).
  • 8.14 m thick and 25 m high oak-tree (June 2022).
  • 7.26 m thick and 30 m high oak-tree (June 2022).
  • 6.91 m thick and 22 m high oak-tree (June 2022).

In the earlier times there were other enormous oak-trees in this forest that are lost now.

History and legends

Uralteiche in Ivenack, 2018
Uralteiche in Ivenack, 2018. / SunnyTiffy, Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

Oak-trees of Ivenack grow in an ancient man-made forest. Already some thousand years ago local Slavic people kept cattle in this forest and there were built sheds for these animals. Hence the forest got its ancient name – Hutewald or Hudewald (forest of sheds).

After the conquest of these lands started the Christianisation and a Cistercian monastery was founded in Ivenack around 1250-1252. Hudewald became a property of this cloister and the cattle feeding in this fairly old forest continued. Animals in a way tended this forest – oak trees were fertilized while the shoots of shrubs were duly eaten, maintaining a fine meadow around the increasingly large oak-trees.

During the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) the cloister and surrounding villages were demolished and Hudewald gradually turned into a natural forest.

In 1709 Ivenack together with its historical forest became a property of Ernst Christoph von Koppelow and he started to create the contemporary wonderful landscape of Ivenacker Tiergarten. He also built the palace and a church in the site of former cloister.

Since the 18th century this forest has not seen much change and is a wonderful natural area up to this day.

There are also some legends about the trees (3.). One of them tells that these trees are nuns who were turned into oaks due to their sins and will be released after 1000 years when the trees will die. Another tells about a stallion Herodot which was hidden into hollow of one of the giant oak-trees during the war with Napoleon.

  1. Uralteiche im Ivenacker Tiergarten (vormals Ringeiche), Accessed on May 14, 2023.
  2. Uralteiche im Ivenacker Tiergarten (vormals Ringeiche), Register-Nr.: 80, Forum on Accessed on May 15, 2023.
  3. 1000jährige Ivenacker Eichen, Killikus. Accessed on May 15, 2023.

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Oak: The Frame of Civilization

Professional arborist and award-winning nature writer William Bryant Logan deftly relates the delightful history of the reciprocal relationship between humans and oak trees since time immemorial―a profound link that has almost been forgotten. From the ink of Bach’s cantatas to the first boat to reach the New World to the wagon, the barrel, and the sword, oak trees have been a constant presence throughout our history.

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