Yosemite Valley could be one of the most wonderful places on Earth. This 13 km long valley has been shaped by glaciers and is up to 914 m deep.
Valley has many amazing waterfalls, but the largest and tallest is Yosemite Falls. It is formed by the Yosemite Creek. This stream flows some 12.8 km before the falls, on its way falling for some 300 m. And then it… whoosh… falls for 739 m over the distance of approximately 700 metres. Afterwards it flows some 1.2 km and enters Merced River.
Here have been developed trails leading towards the waterfall and providing many fine views on it – and from it.
The volume of water in Yosemite Creek is fluctuating. This is caused by the thin soil on granite surfaces around Yosemite Valley. Water does not accumulate in this thin soil and – as the rain falls, the water is quickly drained by the river network.
Yosemite Falls are especially impressive in the May, when the snow in the mountains is melting. In this period the force of water is creating a constant tremble of the ground and deep, unforgettable roar.
After dry summers Yosemite Creek – and Yosemite Falls – get dry. Waterfall can be dry from August to October. But it is enough to have a rainy day – and falls "start" again.
In the winter at the base of the upper fall forms impressive ice cone. It forms because this supertall waterfall turns into mist, which is frozen on its way.
Most descriptions divide Yosemite Falls into three parts – Upper Fall, Middle Cascades and Lower Fall. As Middle Cascades have five smaller plunges, we can consider that Yosemite Falls have seven drops.
It seems that the last time when the exact height of falls was estimated, was in 1913 – and since then it has not been checked with contemporary methods.
Upper Fall is a 436 m tall cascade. In the upper part of falls the stream hits a ledge – and then the water is thrown in the air and most of it turns into mist before hitting the ground.
Middle Cascades are five smaller plunges in between the two large falls. Yosemite Creek drops here 206 m over the distance of some 550 m. These falls are very impressive as well – but this sight is hidden in a narrow gorge and it is very hard and dangerous to access these cascades.
Lower Fall is well visible, 98 m high drop. For most part it falls free, hitting the cliff closer to the base. Below the falls has formed a smaller pool.
Land of Ahwahnechee
At the base of waterfall was standing the main centre of the natives of Yosemite Valley – Ahwahnechee people. Ahwahnechee means "dwellers of Ahwahnee" – Ahwahnee is the older native placename for Yosemite Valley. The name of the valley has been given by them – "Yo-sem’-i-te" means "adult grizzly bear".
White people – the Mariposa Batallion led by James D. Savage – found the valley in the pursuit of Indians around the 21st March 1851. Member of Mariposa Batallion – Lafayette Bunnell – gave the Falls their present name – Yosemite Falls. Natives called it simply – "the fall" – Cholock.
Ahwahnechee lived here up to the 20th century. Unfortunately these people were evicted from their beautiful homeland by the government of the United States. Their last village in the valley was burned down in 1969 for… firefighting practice. Nature conservation ideals of those times required to create a wilderness in Yosemite Valley – thus it was cruelly created.
Ahwahnechee believed that the pool at the base of falls was inhabited by the spirits of several witches whom they called Poloti.
One local story tells about a woman who came here to take some water from the pool. As she took a bucket full with water, it turned out to be full with… snakes. Later in the night spirits revenged – whirlwind took the house of women with her and her newborn to the pool and drowned them.
- Yosemite Falls. World Waterfall Database. Accessed on June 11, 2012.
|Coordinates:||37.7565 N 119.5969 W|
|Address:||North America, United States, California, Yosemite National Park, northern side of Yosemite Valley|
|Alternate name:||Cholock (in Ahwahneechee language, means "the fall"), Choo-look, Schoolook, Yo-ham-i-te, Cho-looke|
|UNESCO World Heritage status:||Part of "Yosemite National Park", 1984, No.308.|
|Total height:||739 m|
|Highest drop:||436 m|
|Width:||25 – 30 m|
|Average annual flow:||7 m3/s|
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