List of the tallest trees of the world
Here are listed tallest trees of the the world by champions of species.
Trees are arranged by the height of champions of species. Here are selected species with known height above 80 m. Please note! This list is far from the final truth as there might be numerous other tree species exceeding such height and also the listed trees might change.
- Hyperion - United States, California. Tallest known tree in world, coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl.). 115.61 m tall, diameter 4.84 m. Contains 502 m3 of wood. In total more than 500 coast redwoods exceed the height of 103 m.
- Centurion - Australia, Tasmania. Highest known mountain ash and eucalypt (Eucalyptus regnans F.Muell.) in the world. Height 99.8 m, diameter 4.05 m (girth roughly 13.7 m), volume 268 m3. Has been at least 103 m tall but the top is broken.
- Doerner Fir (Brummet Fir, Brummitt Fir) - Oregon, United States. Tallest coast Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) in the world. Height 99.4 m, diameter 3.54 m, volume 237 m3. Some time ago was 100.3 m high.
- Raven's Tower - United States, California. Reportedly tallest Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong) Carr.), 96.9 m high.
- Barangay Alegria Toog tree - Philippines, Agusan del Sur. Tallest known Philippine rosewood (Petersianthus quadrialatus Merr.), 96.9 m high or a bit lower, with 3,66 m diameter at its base. Sacred tree to Manobo people.
- Tallest Giant Sequoia - United States, California, Redwood Mountain Grove. Tallest giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.)), 94.9 m high.
- White Knight - Australia, Tasmania. Highest manna gum (Eucalyptus viminalis). 91.3 m high, diameter 3.30 m (girth 11.0 m), volume 180 m3.
- Neeminah Loggorale Meena - Australia, Tasmania. Highest Tasmanian blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus Labill.). Height 90.7 m, diameter 3.88 m, girth 12.2 m. There are claims that other specimens of species were up to 101 m tall.
- Noble fir in Goat Marsh - United States, Washington. Highest known specimen in species (Abies procera Rehder 1940), height 89.9 m. Tree is dead.
- Tallest yellow meranti tree, Maliau Basin - Malaysia, Sabah. Tallest known tree of this species (Shorea faguetiana Heim.), 89.5 m tall.
- Klinki in Bulolo Valley - Papua New Guinea, Morobe. Reported (but not verified) 88.9 m high specimen of Klinki Araucaria hunsteinii (K.Schumann 1889) in 1941. These trees are very tall and there is high possibility to find very tall specimens today as well.
- Alpine Ash in Florentine Valley - Australia, Tasmania. Highest alpine ash (Eucalyptus delegatensis R.T.Baker). Height 87.9 m, diameter 3.07 m, volume 161 m3.
- King Stringy - Australia, Tasmania. Highest Australian oak (Eucalyptus obliqua L'Hér.). 86 m high, diameter 4.07 m, volume 230 m3.
- Pontiankak Putih Cantik (Tualang of Mengaris Knob) - Malaysia, Sabah. Tallest measured tree of this species (Koompassia excelsa (Becc.) Taub.), 85.76 m tall. There are unconfirmed reports of more tall trees in this species.
- Dismissed - Australia, Tasmania. Highest known swamp gum (Eucalyptus ovata Labill.), height - 85.1 m.
- "Phalanx" - United States, Oregon. Tallest known ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), 81.8 m tall.
- unnamed karri tree - Australia, Western Australia (Pemberton). 81 m tall karri (Eucalyptus diversicolor), with a circumference of 20.45 m.
Other articles about trees:
Here are described tall trees - the tallest in the world.
Tall trees - species
The tallest trees of the world are several species of conifers and also eucalypts.
Convincing world record nowadays belongs to coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl.). Many hundreds of these trees surpass the height of the second highest tree species in the world.
When in 2000 there was found the highest known coast redwood - Stratosphere Giant (now 113.05 metres high), it was announced that discovery of a higher tree is little likely. This is symptomatic - when somebody starts to think that all discoveries are made, new ones come. Since then in a few years time were discovered three trees which are higher than Stratosphere Giant. Current champion - Hyperion - was discovered in September 2006. Height of Hyperion is close to the historical record of species.
Coast redwood nowadays is the only tree species which exceeds 100 metre height.
Very close to this threshold of 100 metres - may be exceeding it a little - is the next champion from another side of the globe. Mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans F.Muell.) named Centurion was discovered in Tasmania, Australia in 2008. Its height - 99.8 metres. This species might have been the highest on Earth up to the late 19th century - there are reports of 132.6 metres high eucalypt from 1871-1872 and more reliable measurement of another tree in 1881 - measured height was 114.3 m. Both these trees were located in Victoria where nowadays most eucalypts have been felled. There are rumours of trees exceeding 150 metre height from the middle of the 19th century. There are much hopes on new trees - there are 85 metres high eucalypts which have reached this height in 80 years time.
Several more species of trees are close to the threshold of 100 metres. Tallest known coast Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) in Oregon, United States is 99.4 metres high. There is a report of 142 metres high tree from Washington, United States from 1897.
Current highest Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis Bong.) Carr.) is 96.9 metres high, several more trees exceed 96 metre height and this also gives a good hope that this enormous spruce can exceed 100 metre height.
There is unconfirmed information about 85 - 95 m tall specimens of Cupressus himalaica in Bhutan.
(Un)completeness of the list
Climbing a very high tree is very hard. At first one should overcome 40 - 60 metre height until he reaches the first branches. At this moment a man already could be at the height of 15-floor building. Then he should ascend the tip of the tree - as high as possible. It might be shaky and brittle and full height might not be reached. Measurement by trigonometric methods for most part is out of question - tall trees often grow in deep ravines, surrounded by other large trees.
Due to this the height of tall trees is not measured too often. We know very little about the highest trees of the world.
Good example for this is the expedition of R.Dial (Alaska Pacific University) to Sabah, Malaysia in 2007. Here in the area of 2 km2 were found 8 species of trees exceeding height of 80 metres!
Thus - the quest for the tallest trees of Earth still is open.