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Veevers crater

Main characteristics

Coordinates: 22.9700 S 125.3725 E
No:371        (list of all attractions)
Categories:Impact craters and meteorites
Values:Geology
Rank:5
Address:Australia and Oceania, Australia, Western Australia, remote area in Pilbara region
Diametre:75 m
Depth:7 m
Age:most likely less than 4 000 years
Veevers crater, Western Australia
Veevers crater, September 2011 / G. Winterflood, , CC BY-SA 3.0

One of best preserved impact craters on Earth is Veevers Crater. This crater in remote part of Western Australia was noticed by specialists only in July 1975.

Veevers crater is named after Australian geologist John Veevers who used to work in this area in 1950ies. This small crater was noticed by geologists during survey in July 1975 and they were almost certain that it has been created by meteorite.

Some years later, in August 1984 the famous couple of scientists Carolyn and Eugene Merle Shoemaker discovered several pieces of metallic meteorite on the rims of crater - thus the meteoritic origin of crater was verified.

The age of crater is not certain - but most likely less than 4 000 years. Meteorite fell in flat desert plain between Great Sandy and Gibson Deserts. The dry desert environment has conserved the consequences of the impact very well - even the pieces of meteorite still look rather fresh.

Veevers impact crater, Western Australia
Veevers crater, pano stiched from several images / Dandjr, , CC BY-SA 3.0

Crater is symmetrical, bowl-shaped, formed in Cenozoic laterites. Rim of the crater is some 20 m wide and rises approximately 1.5 m above the surrounding plain. Diameter of crater is 70 - 80 m, depth - up to 7 m. The original meteorite was some 100 - 1000 tons heavy.

This is the only known impact crater on Earth created by the very rare IIAB iron meteorite. Less than 0.5% of meteorites on Earth belong to this type. Pieces of meteorite contain exotic, very rare metallic minerals - octahedrite, schreibersite and rhabdite, kamacite, carlsbergite.

Map

See Veevers crater on the map of Australia!