Blowholes in Australia

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Bicheno Blowhole
Bicheno Blowhole./ Andrew Wallace, Flickr / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Below in alphabetic order are listed notable blowholes in Australia which are known to Wondermondo:

1. Bicheno Blowhole

Bicheno Blowhole
Bicheno Blowhole./ Tasmanian.Kris, Flickr / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Location: Eastern coast of Tasmania
Height: Up to 20 m
Rock: Granite
Description: Impressive slanted blowhole which during the storms can get dangerous.

2. Blackmans Bay Blowhole

Location: Tasmania
Height: Does not form a fountain
Rock: Sandstone?
Description: Collapsed sea cave – former blowhole with a natural bridge.

3. Blowhole at Clear Place Point

Location: New South Wales, Lord Howe Island
Height: ?
Rock: Basalt
Description: This blowhole creates a fountain through the fissure in the ceiling of a larger sea cave.

4. Blowholes at Mutton Bird Point

Location: New South Wales, Lord Howe Island
Height: ?
Rock: Basalt
Description: Group of at least five small blowholes.

5. Blowhole of De Witt Island

Location: Tasmania, De Witt Island
Height: Very tall
Rock: ?
Description: One of the world’s most impressive blowholes, can be seen from the sea on the remote De Witt Island.

6. Breathing Rock in South Bruny Island

Breathing Rock in South Bruny Island
Breathing Rock in South Bruny Island./ Mariell Jüssi, Flickr / CC BY-NC 2.0
Location: Tasmania, South Bruny Island
Height: Considerably more than 10 m
Rock: ?
Description: This impressive blowhole can be seen only from the sea.

7. Cape Bridgewater Blowholes

Location: Victoria, Cape Bridgewater
Height: Low
Rock: Basalt
Description: Several comparatively small blowholes.

8. Christmas Island blowholes

Blowholes in Christmas Island
Blowholes in Christmas Island./ David Stanley, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Location: Christmas Island
Height: Significant
Rock: Limestone
Description: Numerous noisy blowholes alonf the limestone coast of Christmas Island. This is very unusual sight during the mass migration of red crabs.

9. Dirk Hartog Island Blowhole

Location: Western Australia, western coast of Dirk Hartog Island
Height: Up to 60 m
Rock: Limestone
Description: These blowholes are at the base of sea cliffs. Usually around 10 m tall but at high swells here with a deafening noice shoot up fountains which are up to 60 m high.

10. Dudley Beach blowholes

Blowholes at Dudley Beach
Blowholes at Dudley Beach./ Tim J Keegan, Flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0
Location: New South Wales, Newcastle-Maitland
Height: Up to 10 m
Rock: Granite
Description: Several blowholes in granite fissures and sea caves.

11. False Entrance Blowholes

Location: Western Australia, south from False Entrance bay
Height: Fountains travel through 30-40 m thick rocks and above them
Rock: Limestone
Description: These blowholes have pierced up to 40 m thock layer of rock. Usually just air is howling through these holes but sometimes there rise also fountains of water.

12. Frazer Blowhole (Snapper Point Blowhole)

Sea cave in Frazer Blowhole
Sea cave in Fraser Blowhole./ Goran Has, Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Location: New South Wales, Central Coast Region
Height: ?
Rock: ?
Description: A large blowhole which only on a few occasions forms a fountain.

13. Kiama Blowhole

Kiama Blowhole
Kiama Blowhole./ David Robertson, Flickr / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Up to 25 m and, reportedly – even 60 m

Location: New South Wales, Kiama town
Height:
Rock: Latite (a volcanic rock)
Description: The best known blowhole in Australia. This is a powerful fountain which has proven to be also quite dangerous.

14. Kiama Little blowhole

Kiama, Little Blowhole
Kiama, Little Blowhole. / profernity, / CC BY 2.0
Location: New South Wales, Kiama Town
Height: Significant
Rock: Latite (a volcanic rock)
Description: This blowhole forms a narrow, tall fountain and erupts more frequently than the better known Kiama blowhole

15. Maingon Blowhole

Location: South of Tasmania
Height: Does not form a fountain
Rock: ?
Description: Some 40 m deep sinkhole with raging waves at its bottom.

16. Nobbies Blowhole

Nobbies Blowhole
Nobbies Blowhole./ laszy!, Flickr / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Location: Victoria, Bass Coast Shire
Height: ?
Rock: Basalt
Description: Nearly horizontal plume of mist and water which shoots from some 12 m long sea cave.

17. Quobba Blowholes

Quobba Blowholes
Quobba Blowholes./ njbawden, Flickr / CC BY-NC 2.0
Location: Western Australia, Gascoyne Region
Height: More than 30 m
Rock: Sandstone
Description: Beautiful group of some 30 blowholes. At certain winds and storms the fountains are more than 30 m tall.

18. Pirates Bay Blowhole (Tasman Blowhole)

Tasman Blowhole
Pirates Bay Blowhole or Tasman Blowhole./ Martin Boyce, Flickr / CC BY-NC 2.0
Location: Tasmania, near the Eaglehawk Neck
Height: 10 m
Rock: Siltstone?
Description: This blowhole has up to 10 m tall fountain through a hole in the roof of sea cave.

19. Port Campbell Blowhole (Loch Ard Blowhole)

Loch Ard Blowhole
Loch Ard Blowhole./ wouter!, Flickr / CC BY-NC 2.0
Location: Victoria, Shire of Corangamite
Height: Does not form a fountain
Rock: Sandstone
Description: A sinkhole with raging, loud waves at its bottom.

20. Torndirrup Blowholes

Location: Western Australia, Torndirrup National Park
Height: ?
Rock: Granite
Description: These fountains are created by the waves in the rock crevasses.

21. Thunder Bay Blowholes (Thunderbay Blowholes)

Location: Western Australia, Torndirrup National Park
Height: After passing through 100 m thick rock – up to 20 m tall fountains
Rock: Sandstone
Description: Some of the world’s most powerful blowholes. Water here is pushed through some 100 m tall Zuytdorp Cliffs and then rises in fountains which are up to 20 m high.

22. Whale Rock blowhole

Location: Queensland, North Stradbroke Island
Height: ?
Rock: ?
Description: Comparatively smaller blowhole which emits a fountain of mist and water with whistles and whooshes.

Map of blowholes in Australia

What is a blowhole?

There are diverse natural landmarks which are called blowholes.

There are holes – entrances in the caves – where a strong wind blows frequently. Such caves are quite common in Australia, especially in Nullarbor Plain (South Australia) where hundreds of such blowholes can be found in the desert.

There are methane blowholes – exotic eruptions of methane gas in the northern tundra. As the climate becomes warmer, the methane gas more and more frequently leaves the ground, creating impressive craters.

And then there are blowholes – sea geysers or intermittent natural water fountains that are powered by wave energy. These are the blowholes which are described by Wondermondo in this article.

One of Quobba blowholes
One of Quobba blowholes./ julie burgher, Flickr / CC BY-NC 2.0

The best-known blowholes – sea geysers – are located in popular tourist areas or places where live many people. One or another of these popular blowholes is announced to be the largest and tallest in the world without any proper knowledge whether this is true or not. Most likely, the world’s largest blowholes are not known to us and are located on remote islands. The maximum height of these natural fountains is seen only during severe storms. Ships try their best to be away from the cliffs in such weather.

Are there any more blowholes in Australia?

Here are listed more than 20 locations with blowholes in Australia and remote Australian islands. Wondermondo though is aware that this list should be longer. There are reported more blowholes in Western Australia, in Tasmania, in some islands (King Island, Norfolk Island) and elsewhere.

Please, give a message if you happen to find anything additional to this list!

Other articles about blowholes

  • Blowholes – more than 50 world’s most impressive (known) blowholes and the mechanism of their formation.
  • Blowholes in Hawaii – list of 15 locations with blowholes in Hawaii Islands.

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