Poza Garapata, Sistema Zacaton

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One of interesting features in the unique Sistema Zacatón karst field is Poza Garapata.

Sistema Zacatón is area with incredible characteristics unparalleled in the world. In total area contains some 20 unusual features – sinkholes, caves, springs created by deep groundwater heated by volcanic processes. Karstification processes here continue today as well – acidic groundwater continues to strip away the limestone and deposits it in unusual travertine formations.

Sinkhole with secret

Surface of Poza Garapata – a rounded sinkhole – is covered with dense vegetation. It is hard to access – sides of the sinkhole are steep and covered with even more dense, thorny vegetation. As it is usual in the thickets of Sistema Zacatón, here are many ticks – hence the name of sinkhole.

Most likely the even bottom if this seemingly simple landmark is just a few metres thick layer of travertine with enormous body of clear water below it – not too far is the unique Poza Seca – very similar sinkhole covered with travertine lid and hiding unknown organisms in the water below it.

References

  1. Marcus Gary, Poza Garapata, Sistema Zacatón, research homepage. Accessed in the 23rd June 2010

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Poza Garapata, Sistema Zacaton 23.006154, -98.164719 Poza Garapata, Sistema Zacaton
Coordinates: 23.0062 N 98.1647 W
Categories: Sinkholes, Ecosystems, Lakes and streams
Values: Geology, Biology, Unexplained
Rating: (1.5 / 5)
Address: North America, Mexico, Tamaulipas, southern part of the state, 14 km north-west from Aldama town
Depth: ?

Landmarks of Mexico

El Castillo pyramid, Chichen Itza
El Castillo pyramid, Chichen Itza / , Flickr / CC BY 2.0
Few countries of the world can offer such array of unique and astounding attractions as Mexico.

Area of this country was cradle of several highly developed indigenous civilizations and some regions in the country are dotted with remnants of ancient cities with temples, palaces and pyramids.

Sinkholes

World's deepest sinkhole - Xiaozhai tiankeng, with tourist route visible
World’s deepest sinkhole – Xiaozhai tiankeng, with tourist route visible / Brookqi, Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Category includes outstanding sinkholes – large natural depressions or holes, which for most part represent collapsed caves.

Recommended books

Hypogene Karst Regions and Caves of the World


This book illustrates the diversity of hypogene speleogenetic processes and void-conduit patterns depending on variations of the geological environments by presenting regional and cave-specific case studies. The cases include both well-known and newly recognized hypogene karst regions and caves of the world. They all focus on geological, hydrogeological, geodynamical and evolutionary contexts of hypogene speleogenesis.

Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science


The Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science contains 350 alphabetically arranged entries. The topics include cave and karst geoscience, cave archaeology and human use of caves, art in caves, hydrology and groundwater, cave and karst history, and conservation and management. The Encyclopedia is extensively illustrated with photographs, maps, diagrams, and tables, and has thematic content lists and a comprehensive index to facilitate searching and browsing.

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