Analavory Geysers

Analavory Geyser, Madagascar
One of Analavory geysers / Rakotozafy Harison Sangitiana, / CC BY-SA 2.0

Main characteristics

Coordinates: 18.9258 S 46.6400 E
No:230        (list of all attractions)
Category:Springs, Geysers, Spring tufa, travertine and other formations
Values:Geology, Visual
Address:Africa, Madagascar, Itasy Region, 12 kilometres to the north-west from Analavory town, at the southern bank of Mazy River
Alternate names:Geysers of Andranomandraotra, Amparaky Geysers

It is weird to see how many tourist Websites and guides are wrong about Analavory Geysers. When describing this interesting landmark, they start telling about the volcanic activity and how the water contacts superheated volcanic rocks and boils up and then rises upwards as a steam, forming the geyser.

This is rubbish. Children are safely playing at the base of these "volcanically heated and boiled" spouts and are not scalded by the spray of water.

In fact Analavory Geysers are man-made and are not true geysers.

A kind of natural champagne?

In the past here were laid water pipelines to dry the nearby aragonite mines. The groundwater here is warm and rich with carbonic acid and easily dissolves large amounts of lime along its way. Further the water goes through iron pipelines - and carbonic acid dissolves iron as well.

Water with carbonic acid is the same well known carbonated water and... yes, we all know: such water releases lots of bubbles. Sometimes the power of these bubbles forces the water upwards - we know very well the wild reaction of warmed and well-shaken champagne.

Something similar happens in Analavory. Here the carbonated water, rich with lime and iron, has rushed down along the pipelines and finally reached the daylight at the bank of Mazy River, where the pipelines end. CO2 is released as bubbles and the acidic water gushes upwards like champagne from the bottle. Then it becomes colder and neutral and precipitates the dissolved lime and iron. As a result around the mouth of these artificial "geysers" form mounds of travertine, coloured in rusty orange color by the dissolved metal pipelines.

Water finds the lowest rim at the top of mound and owerflows it. The rim in this place is layered with new layers of travertine, it rises higher and water has to find a new way elsewhere. This repeats over the time and the mound grows higher and higher. The mounds of Analavory Geysers are more than 4 m high.

Cold water geysers!

Such phenomenon is called cold water geyser. Although this is not the true and "noble" steam powered geyser, it is wonderful and interesting landmark. Such geysers for most part are created by the activity of man, releasing the carbonic acid from the groundwater with boreholes.

In Analavory there are four (some sources mention five) cold water geysers. For most time the carbonated water spouts 0.2 - 0.3 m high, but sometimes it happens that the vents are blocked by the precipitated lime and, as the barrier is broken, the water is spouting up to 3 m high. This image by Ming Sylvain shows somewhat higher spout. Some sources mention that in the past the water was gushing even 20 - 25 m high.

Even if man made and not a true geyser, this site is very attractive. Analavory Geysers gradually become well known tourist attractions and there has been installed basic tourist infrastructure.


See Analavory Geysers on the map of Madagascar!

Analavory Geysers are included in the following list:

Map of African geysers

Geysers of Africa


  1. J. Alan Glennon, Rhonda M. Pfaff, The Operation and Geography of Carbon Dioxide-Driven, Cold Water "Geysers". 2004.

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